Žatec, Letiště

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Žatec, Letiště

Žatec, Airfield

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    Název:
    Name:
    Žatec, Letiště Žatec, Airfield
    Originální název:
    Original Name:
    Letiště Žatec
    Další názvy:
    Other Names:
    DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR Korea (přezdívka / nickname)
    DD.MM.RRRR-08.05.1945 Fliegerhorst Saaz
    Obec:
    Municipality:
    Žatec Žatec
    GPS souřadnice:
    GPS Coordinates:
    50°22'16.068"N, 13°35'19.376"E
    Vznik:
    Established:
    DD.MM.RRRR
    DD.MM.RRRR
    Velitelé:
    Commanders:
    DD.MM.RRRR-DD.MM.RRRR, ( )
    Dislokované jednotky:
    Garrisoned Units:
    Datum od
    Date from
    Datum do
    Date to
    Jednotka
    Unit
    Stát
    Country
    06.05.1945 08.05.1945 1. letka Bombardovací eskadry 51
    1st Squadron of the 51st Bomber Wing
    06.05.1945 08.05.1945 2. letka Bombardovací eskadry 51
    2nd Squadron of the 51st Bomber Wing
    06.05.1945 08.05.1945 3. letka Bombardovací eskadry 51
    3rd Squadron of the 51st Bomber Wing
    06.05.1945 08.05.1945 I. skupina Bombardovací eskadry 51
    1st Group of the 51st Bomber Wing
    06.05.1945 08.05.1945 Štáb I. skupiny Bombardovací eskadry 51
    Staff of the 1st Group of 51st Bomber Wing
    28.02.1949 15.01.1951 Letištní správa Žatec
    Airfield Authority Zatec
    01.04.1949 DD.11.1949 Výcviková letka tryskových letadel
    Training Squadron Jet Plane
    15.01.1951 01.12.1951 17. letištní správa
    17th Airfield Authority
    21.08.1951 01.05.1991 23. letištní prapor
    23rd Air Base Battalion
    14.12.1951 31.10.1954 11. letecký stíhací pluk
    11th Air Fighter Regiment
    14.12.1951 01.11.1954 2. letka
    2nd Squadron of 11th Air Fighter Regiment
    01.03.1952 01.10.1958 13. letištní prapor
    13th Air Base Battalion
    01.03.1952 19.10.1954 15. letištní prapor
    15th Air Base Battalion
    01.04.1952 01.11.1954 15. letecký stíhací pluk
    15th Air Fighter Regiment
    01.04.1952 01.11.1954 5. letecká stíhací divize
    5th Air Fighter Division
    15.06.1952 31.12.1952 Světlometná četa
    Searchlight Platoon
    01.01.1953 01.11.1954 3. letka
    3rd Squadron of 11th Air Fighter Regiment
    01.01.1953 01.10.1958 5. letecká divizní opravna
    5th Divisional Air Repair
    01.01.1953 01.09.1958 5. letecká spojovací rota
    5th Air Signal Company
    01.01.1953 01.10.1957 5. rota leteckých zabezpečovacích prostředků
    5th Air Support Devices Company
    01.08.1954 01.11.1954 4. letka
    4th Squadron of 11th Air Fighter Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.10.1958 1. letka
    1st Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 31.12.1992 11. stíhací letecký pluk
    11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.10.1958 15. stíhací letecký pluk
    15th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.10.1958 2. letka
    2nd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.10.1958 3. letka
    3rd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.11.1956 4. letka
    4th Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1954 01.10.1958 5. stíhací letecká divize
    5th Fighter Air Division
    01.11.1954 31.08.1961 Velitelské stanoviště 11. stíhacího leteckého pluku
    Command Post of 11th Fighters Air Regiment
    15.06.1955 01.06.1957 Spojovací rota
    Signal Company
    DD.10.1955 01.11.1955 102. protiletadlový oddíl
    102nd Anti-Aircraft Division
    01.06.1957 01.10.1958 Provozní rota
    Operation Company
    01.10.1957 01.10.1958 5. rota pozemního zabezpečení navigace
    5th Ground Support Navigation Company
    01.10.1958 12.06.1968 1. letka
    1st Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1958 12.06.1968 2. letka
    2nd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1958 01.10.1960 3. letecká spojovací rota
    3rd Air Signal Company
    01.10.1958 01.09.1961 3. letecká technická skupina
    3rd Air Technical Group
    01.10.1958 12.06.1968 3. letka
    3rd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1958 01.09.1961 3. stíhací letecká divize
    3rd Fighter Air Division
    01.10.1958 01.09.1963 5. prapor pozemního zabezpečení navigace
    5th Ground Support Navigation Battalion
    01.10.1958 01.09.1961 Provozní uzel
    Operation Post
    01.10.1958 01.09.1961 Velitelská rota
    Command Company
    01.01.1961 31.12.1992 Automobilní opravna
    (23rd) Automobile Repair
    01.01.1961 31.12.1992 Technická opravna
    (23rd) Technical Repair
    01.09.1961 31.12.1992 23. opravny
    23rd Repair
    01.09.1961 31.12.1992 23. spojovací prapor
    23rd Signal Battalion
    01.09.1961 31.12.1992 Dílna automobilní
    Workshop Automobile
    01.09.1961 31.08.1963 Dílna spojovací a pozemního zabezpečení navigace
    Workshop Signals and Ground Support Navigation
    01.09.1961 31.12.1992 Dílna ženijní
    Engineer Workshop
    01.09.1961 01.09.1979 Povětrnostní radiosondážní stanice Žatec
    Weather Aerological Post Žatec
    01.09.1962 01.09.1963 23. rota letištní a pozemního zabezpečení navigace "S"
    23rd Air Base and Ground Support Navigation Company "S"
    01.09.1963 01.09.1965 23. rota letištní a radiotechnického zabezpečení "S"
    23rd Air Base and Electronic Support Company "S"
    01.09.1963 01.05.1991 5. prapor radiotechnického zabezpečení
    5th Electronic Support Battalion
    01.09.1963 31.12.1992 Dílna spojovací a radiotechnického zabezpečení
    Workshop Signals and Electronic Support Support Navigation
    01.09.1965 01.11.1991 23. letištní rota "S"
    23rd Air Base Company "S"
    01.09.1965 01.11.1991 5. rota radiotechnického zabezpečení "S"
    5th Electronic Support Company "S"
    01.08.1967 01.11.1975 4. letka
    4th Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    12.06.1968 01.11.1975 1. letka
    1st Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    12.06.1968 01.11.1975 2. letka
    2nd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    12.06.1968 01.11.1975 3. letka
    3rd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1968 01.09.1969 Velitelská letka
    Command Squadron of 3rd State Air Defence Corps
    01.09.1969 01.11.1991 2. rota radiotechnického zabezpečení "S"
    2nd Electronic Support Company "S"
    01.09.1969 01.11.1991 22. letištní rota "S"
    22nd Air Base Company "S"
    01.09.1969 01.09.1974 3. velitelská letka
    3rd Command Squadron of 3rd State Air Defense Division
    DD.MM.1971 31.08.1979 Radiolokační meteorologická stanice Žatec
    Radar Weather Station Žatec
    01.11.1975 01.10.1990 1. letka
    1st Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1975 01.10.1990 2. letka
    2nd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.11.1975 01.10.1990 3. letka
    3rd Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.09.1979 DD.MM.1987 Povětrnostní radiolokační a radiosondážní středisko Žatec
    Weather Radar and Aerological Center Žatec
    01.10.1990 31.12.1992 1. stíhací letka
    1st Fighter Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1990 31.12.1992 1. technická letka
    1st Technical Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1990 01.05.1991 2. stíhací letka
    2nd Fighter Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1990 01.05.1991 2. technická letka
    2nd Technical Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment Regiment
    01.10.1990 01.05.1991 3. stíhací letka
    3rd Fighter Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.10.1990 01.05.1991 3. technická letka
    3rd Technical Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment Regiment
    01.05.1991 31.12.1992 11. letecká základna
    11th Air Base
    01.05.1991 31.12.1992 2. stíhací letka
    2nd Fighter Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.05.1991 31.12.1992 2. technická letka
    2nd Technical Squadron of 11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 1. stíhací letka
    1st Fighter Squadron
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 1. technická letka
    1st Technical Squadron
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 11. letecká základna
    11th Air Base
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 11. stíhací letecký pluk
    11th Fighter Air Regiment
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 2. stíhací letka
    2nd Fighter Squadron
    01.01.1993 31.12.1993 2. technická letka
    2nd Technical Squadron
    01.01.1993 01.03.1994 23. spojovací prapor
    23rd Signal Battalion
    01.01.1994 31.12.1994 Letištní správa Žatec
    Airfield Authority Zatec
    01.03.1994 31.12.1994 43. spojovací prapor
    43rd Signal Battalion

    Zánik:
    Cancelled:
    DD.MM.RRRR
    DD.MM.RRRR
    Poznámka:
    Note:
    - -
    Zdroje:
    Sources:
    Vojenský ústřední archiv Praha, skupina ČSLA, fond 00000
    http://www.vrtulnik.cz/ww2/protektorat-zatec.htm
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#455330Version : 0
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    Žatec, letiště
    (6 km SV od města Žatec )
    Číslo letiště: 490
    Volací znak: „MERKUR
    Třída letiště: 1
    1. Zeměpisné souřadnice (vztažný bod letiště): 50°22'16.068"N, 13°35'19.376"E
    www.mapy.cz
    2. Nadmořská výška: 276 m
    3. Zeměpisný směr dráhy: 277°/097° (28/10)
    4. Vzletová a přistávací dráha
    a) (VPD I. "stará")
    - rozměry: 1700 x 45m
    - povrch: beton
    b) (VPD II. "nová")
    - rozměry: 2500 x 80 m
    - povrch: beton
    5. Vzletová dráha: ("Startovka" z RP 3): 080°; 1400 x 20 m


    Radionavigační prostředky na směru 277°:
    7. Přívodné radiostanice:
    a) VPRS "Dálná" (1952-1993) na hlavním směru přistání Loc:
    50°21'55.081"N, 13°39'53.142"E
    kmitočet: 290 kHz;
    značka: M
    vzdálenost: (4150 m od vstupního prahu VPD)
    - na obráceném směru přistání (097°):
    značka: RM
    b)BPRS "Bližná" (1952-1993) na hlavním směru přistání Loc: 50°22'7.274"N, 13°37'13.843"E
    kmitočet: 599 kHz;
    značka: M
    vzdálenost: (980 m od vstupního prahu VPD)
    - na obráceném směru přistání (097°):
    značka: R
    8) "KV zaměřovač - DFG-26/4" (1952-1958)Loc: 50°22'27.317"N, 13°32'19.612"E
    9) "VKV zaměřovač - ARP-5; ARP-6" (1955-RRRR) Loc: 50°22'24.077"N, 13°33'21.681"E
    10) "GONIO - vysílací středisko zaměřovačů" Loc: 50°22'25.129"N, 13°33'17.7"E
    Další objekty:
    Hlavní brána: Loc: 50°22'45.653"N, 13°34'33.51"E
    Hangár č. 1: Loc: 50°22'31.584"N, 13°34'42.715"E
    Hangár č. 2: Loc: 50°22'31.03"N, 13°35'14.376"E
    Hangár č. 3: Loc: 50°22´58.549N, 13°35´58.527"E


    Zdroj: Bez nich by nevzlétli, Svět křídel 2008

    Zákres ploch z r. 1946 - VPD ozn. Plocha I. je vlastní letiště Žatec Plocha II. tzv. "rozestavěná" - v období sedmdesátých a osumdesátých let v této lokalitě byl Výcvikový polygon PLRV, známý jako "Skřivánčí pláň"

    Zákres dráhového systému a kasárenských objektů r. 1954 Tzv. "německá" VDP je na severní straně VPD

    Zákres dráhových systémů

    Zákres zodolněných rozptylů a čísla ÚLů
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#339990Version : 0
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    Přehled jednotek a útvarů, které byly na letišti dislokovány:
    A) Letištní a týlové zabezpečení:
    Detachement LZ 1 VÚ 4638 (1946-1948)
    Letištní správa Žatec VÚ 4695; od 01.10.1949 VÚ 9398 (28.02.1949-1949)
    17. letištní správa VÚ 9398 (15.01.1951- 11.1951)
    13. letištní prapor VÚ 8672 (03.1952-08.1958)
    15. letištní prapor VÚ 3870 (08.1952-10.1954)
    23. letištní prapor VÚ 8682 (08.1951-04.1991)
    23. letištní a PZN rota „S“ VÚ 8042 (09.1962-08.1963)
    23. letištní a rota RTZ „S“ VÚ 8042 (09.1963-1965)
    22. letištní rota „S“ VÚ 1024 (09.1969-1991)
    23. letištní rota „S“ VÚ 8042 (1965-1991)
    11. letecká základna VÚ 4928 (05.1991-12.1993
    Letištní správa Žatec VÚ 6481 (1994-1994)
    * B. Radiotechnické zabezpečení:
    Světlotechnická četa LUČ-1 neměla (06.1952-12.1952)
    5. rota leteckých zabezpečovacích prostředků VÚ 2705 (01.01.1953-01.09.1957)
    5. rota pozemního zabezpečení navigace
    VÚ 2705 (01.09.1957-30.09.1958)
    5. prapor pozemního zabezpečení navigace VÚ 2705 01.10.1958-31.08.1963)
    5. prapor radiotechnického zabezpečení VÚ 2705 (09.1963-04.1991)
    2. rota RTZ „S“ VÚ 3590 (01.09.1969-1991)
    5. rota RTZ „S“ VÚ 1120 (1965- 1991)
    * C) Letecké útvary :
    Zkušební letka VLÚ/LVÚ - (1946-1948) zkoušky Me 262/ Avia S-92 a CS-92
    Letka tryskových letadel Letecký výzkumný ústav - (01.04.1949-11.1949) přeškolení pilotů a techniků na S-92/CS-92 ve dvou kursech
    11. letecký stíhací pluk /
    11. stíhací letecký pluk VÚ 1610 (14.12.1951-31.12.1993)
    15. letecký stíhací pluk /
    15. stíhací letecký pluk VÚ 8699 (01.04.1952-15.08.1958)
    17. letecký stíhací pluk VÚ 7419 (01.09.1952-10.1954)
    Velitelský roj 5. letecké stíhací divize / 5. stíhací letecké divize - (05.1952-08.1958)
    Velitelský roj 3. stíhací letecké divize - (10.1958-08.1961)
    Velitelský roj 3. sboru PVOS (01.09.1961-30.09.1968)
    Velitelská letka 3. sboru PVOS VÚ 6908 (30.09.1968-31.08.1969)
    3. velitelská letka VÚ 6908 (01.09.1969-DD.08.1974)
    Vrtulníkový roj 3. divize PVO (VÚ 8271/R) (1991-1993)


    D) Velitelství svazků a ostatních útvarů:
    Velitelství
    5. letecké stíhací divize /
    5. stíhací letecké divize VÚ 8674 ((04.1952-08.1958)
    Velitelství
    3. stíhací letecké divize VÚ 8271 (10.1958-08.1961)
    Velitelství
    3. sboru PVOS VÚ 8271 (09.1961-DD.MM.RRRR)
    Velitelství
    158. radiotechnického pluku (06.1955-08.1961)
    Velitelské stanoviště
    5. letecká stíhací divize (04.1952-10.1954)
    Velitelské stanoviště
    5. stíhací letecké divize (11.1954-06.1955)
    Velitelství
    5. letecké technické skupiny (01.08.1957-30.09.1958)
    Velitelství 3. letecké technické skupiny (01.10.1958-31.08.1961)
    5. letecká spojovací rota (01.01.1953-30.09.1958)
    3. letecká spojovací rota (01.10.1958-30.09.1960)
    23. spojovací prapor (01.09.1961-30.11.1993)
    5. letecká divizní opravna (01.01.1953-30.09.1958)
    23. opravny (01.09.1961-DD.MM.RRRR)
    102. protiletadlový dělostřelecký oddíl VÚ 4440 (10.1955-08.1958)


    Zdroj: Vojenský ústřední archiv Praha www.vojenstvi.cz Bez nich by nevzlétli, Svět křídel 2008
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#339991Version : 0
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    A pohled na - už bývalé letiště Žatec


    (Foto z vlastní sbírky, poskytnuté od pilotů LAA Žatec-Macerka)

    Dole uprostřed bývalá hlavní brána na letiště

    Pohled na zbytky objektů při příletu na dráhu 10

    Téměř louka ... Pohled od západu na plochu bývalého letiště

    Pohled na plochu ze směru bývalé vzletové dráhy ("startovky").

    To jsou už "nové hangáry" na ploše průmyslové zóny TRIANGLE
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#339992Version : 0
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    To supplement the information I enclose a number of archive collections VHA/VÚA Prague
    (and the Administrative archive of the CZECH armed forces in Olomouc):


    1. 11. aerospace fighter regiment / 11. fighter aviation regiment (WOO 1610) NO. 610
    2. 15. aerospace fighter regiment / 15. fighter aviation regiment (WOO 8699) no 1475
    3. 17. aerospace fighter regiment / 17. fighter aviation regiment (WOO 7419) no 699


    4. 13. airport battalion (WOO 8672) no 1087
    5. 15. airport battalion (WOO 3870) 1353
    6. 23. airport battalion (WOO 8682) SpA CZECH Olomouc no. 611

    7. 5. air technical group (WOO 7344) 1353
    8. 3. air technical group (WOO 4402) no 1225


    9.and) 5. company aviation safety resources
    b) 5. company/battalion ground security navigation
    c) 5. battalion radar security (WOO 2705) SpA CZECH Olomouc no 1474

    10.and) 5. air coupling company (WOO 5631)
    b)3. air coupling company (WOO 5631)SpA CZECH Olomouc no 2011

    11. 23. connecting battalion (WOO 4453) SpA CZECH Olomouc no 2011

    12. 11. air base (WOO 4928) SpA CZECH Olomouc no. 611


    Source: VÚA/VHA Prague RSDr. Pavel Minarik,.
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#423457Version : 0
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    When you say the airport:[/heading:aaaaaa]

    .

    Letecký snímek letiště Žatec (1955) VPD I. a VPD II.

    Letiště Žatec - rozmístění a popis provozních ploch
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#594772Version : 0
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    WHEN they SAY THE AIRPORT ... [/heading:aaaaaa]
    The following lines will be a few of the basic concepts, concerning military objects – airports and at the same time an explanation of their meaning:

    Air structure (Aviation structure)
    Air construction is the construction of the airport, the building in the area of the airport and construction serving to ensure the air traffic outside the airport area.
    Note: Buildings serving to ensure the air traffic outside the area of an airport means the building for radio navigation, radar, telecommunication and radiocommunication services, aviation weather and aeronautical information service, for the service of search and rescue, and visual means for marking obstacles.

    Airport is the space allotted on the ground designated for the parking of aircraft (or helicopters) on the operational areas and in the shelters, ground movements, take-offs and landings of aeroplanes.
    Heliport is a small airport designed for helicopters

    . Operational area / Operational Surface


    a) runway (VPD) /
    Runway (RWY)
    b) runway (VD) (the so-called "startovky") /
    Starting runway (SRWY)
    c) Emergency (grassy) landing strip /
    Emergency landing strip
    d) Taxiway (the so-called “pojížděčky“) /
    Taxiway (TWY)
    e) Coupling of the pathway (the so-called “clutch“) /
    Connecting path
    f) the Habitat of the aircraft (“gate“) /
    Aircraft stations ("stands")

    II. Shelters aircraft / Shelters of Aircraft:


    a) Hangars /
    Hangars
    b) Ruggedised shelters aircraft (the so-called “Hives“) /
    Hardened aircraft shelters

    -

    To the airport include the other objects and buildings for technical and support facilities and habitat - in particular:


    1. The airport's checkpoint for air traffic control – LSŘL (the so-called “tower“) /
    Air Traffic Control (ATC)
    2. The airport station of the weather service - LLPS (the so-called “METEOR“) /
    Air Station Weather Service (ASWS)
    3. Airport rescue and firefighting station /
    Air Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF)
    4. Warehouses of aviation fuel (aviation fuel - aviation FUEL) /
    Storehouse Air Fuel
    5. Permanent and emergency power el. energy (transformer, generators) /
    Power sources( transformer stations, power generators)
    6. Systems and means of security /
    Security systems and resources
    a) Communications (formerly coupling) systems and resources /
    Communication system and Device
    b) the radio Navigation systems and equipment /
    Radionavigation systems and Device,
    c) Radar systems and equipment /
    Radiolocal systems and Device
    d) Light airport security – STANAG 3316 / or Light alarm device - FSE
    Airfield Lighting or Aeronautical Ground Lighting (AGL)
    e) Signalling means /
    Signaling means
    6. Means the schedules of technical security
    Means of airfield technical security a) Záchýtné systems aircraft /
    Airplane Arresting Device

    . OPERATING AREA
    1. a) the runway (abbreviation VPD)
    is the area (belt), used for vzletům and landing aircraft at airports.
    The surface of the runway may be:
    a) unconsolidated: grass (short T, VPD) / grassy
    b) reinforced: concrete (stands B VPD) / concrete ; asphalt (short AND VPD) / asphalt;
    asphaltic concrete (the abbreviation AB VPD) / asphalt-concrete; alternatively, with the reinforcement; steel gratings (an abbreviation of Ž VPD) / steel grates or wooden slats (abbreviation D VPD) / wooden grates
    - Input threshold VPD / input threshold RWY:
    It is the beginning of the VPD on the arrivals direction. (also, the “airport arrival threshold“)
    - End threshold VPD / end threshold of RWY:
    Is the end of the VPD on the direction of the "coast down" when landing or "detachment" during the take-off
    - The geographic direction of the VPD / geographical direction runway
    - Magnetic směrVPD / magnetic direction of runway

    1. b) runway (so-called “startovka“) / starting runway
    Allow just take-off aircraft - not the land. They were built in the “zodolnění“ airport Bechyně, Dobřany, Castle, Kings and Saaz for the possibility of take-off of aircraft directly from the lens of space.

    1. c) Emergency (grassy) landing strip / emergency (grass) landing strip
    Emergency landing (grassy) strip parallel to the concrete runway allows landing of aircraft in cases where it is not possible to use the barrel of the GPA, especially in cases of forced landing without an extruded chassis or otherwise damaged aircraft.

    1. d) Taxiway (abbreviation PD) / taxiway(TWY)
    The so-called “pojížděčka“) belongs as well as a runway between the operating surfaces of the airport. It is a defined area on the airport used for taxiing of aircraft between the area of the habitats of the aircraft and take-off and landing expensive. At the airports there may even be several. One of them is the main (abbreviation PDh) and usually its length is identical and parallel with the VPD.

    1. e) Connecting the runway / connecting path
    The so-called “clutch“ are also among the operational areas of the airport. It's a short runway, connecting the runway with the taxiway. Their number is different, they are often at both ends and other parts (usually in the extreme quarters for allowing the “exit“ aeroplanes from the VPD after landing. (the resolutions are the mark. numeral 1, 2, ... or letters a, B, .. ) starting from the input of the threshold in the direction of the main direction of the VPD

    1. f) Habitats for parking / apron / airfield parking
    For parking (spaces) of the aircraft serving the area in the vicinity of the hangars, but mainly At airports are in some parts of the passing tracks “extended“ area for parking aircraft - the so-called gate“. Individual parking areas = gate are referred to by number or name according to the function in the plant performs:
    - operating include parking positions / operating a stand (used for "parking" aircraft for their preparation and perform inspections before and during the flight)
    - the filling leaving from gate / filling the stand (where they are deployed kiosks for the performance of LPH),
    - afterburner leaving from gate / forging stand ( where is carried out the motor test),
    - cash leaving from gate /cash stand (
    or have names according to the "geographical" position at the airport - such as the eastern, middle, western, etc..

    II. SHELTERS AIRCRAFT
    2. a) Hangars
    A hangar is a building that serves as a shelter or hiding place, at the airport mostly for the shutdown of the aircraft. In airport hangars also under normal operating maintenance and checking the status of the aircraft. Therefore, they are sometimes referred to as operational hangar or workshop hangar.
    In the period after 1945 at the airports has preserved several hangars of older structures. Most of these were reinforced concrete structures, minor steel hangars, the hangars of the type Junkers, juliet accidentally pricked her thumb, Wagner, etc. Supplemented it is several pieces of "square" hangars with ocelou structure with lining the perimeter walls outside the front of the party, which was formed in the entire width of the folding doors. It was about the objects, built before the end of the so-called Even. the republic (e.g. the German (Havlíčků) Brod, Hlohovec, Přerov, etc.
    The main and most widespread type on the upgraded or newly built airports, however, have become the steel hangars VÍTKOVICE. Exist in two sizes:
    a) “Small“, with the base 65 x 35 m;
    b) “Large“ with a base 85 x 30 m.
    In both types the height of the hangar in front of the is 9, 3 m, on the back side then to 7.7 m. the Hangar was in the middle of the divided partition. The facade was matched“with diverter“ door height of 5.8 m over the gate remained a glass wall in the entire width.
    Inside was a lattice structure carrying the roof. Gradually, they were hangars fitted with a lowered ceiling and new lighting.
    The ordinary “complement“ were walled carports especially in the rear, where it was placed social facilities, offices, but also storerooms and workshops for the specialists of the engineering of air service. Smaller outbuildings were sometimes even in the “shield“ of the walls.

    2. b) Ruggedised shelters aircraft (the so-called “Hives“)
    During the seventies of the last hundred years most of the permanent military airport with concrete VPD on the territory of Bohemia and Moravia of the last century modernized and after the experience of military conflicts gradually zodolněna. It was partly about the construction of the “oddolných“ command posts of regiments and squadrons, shelters the living force 6 (ÚŽS 6) and zodolněných hiding techniques (ÚLT). Mainly, however, it was about the construction of zodolněných dispersion spaces are železobetonovýmy shelters aircraft (Hives). With the performance of the tasks associated with this project was envisaged already in the training year 1 969 / 1970, when he started with the preparation.
    The first airport was Zatec, where the main finishing work on the access of the traversing paths took place in a time of lockouts and the allied exercise SHIELD 72 in September 1972 they were already part of the “scenario“ exercises.
    In the first stage, the airports being built, “ULy“ with a width of 13 m type 2A/13. (the following airports in alphabetical order): Bechyně, Čáslav, Czech Budejovice, Dobřany, Hradec Králové, namest nad Oslavou and Žatec was built in 36 pcs, Pardubice with 34 and Přerov with 22 “Hives“.

    The main part of the building is composed of prefabricated reinforced concrete ribs. Each consists of almost the exact quarter of a circle about the inner light radius 6450mm. The rib was fitted against each other and to them are attached the next a total number of 56 units. So this was the half of a hollow cylinder with a length of 28 m.
    Each rib, buried in the ground to prefabrikátových concrete footing, by|about each other with the second linked to the four places the threaded rods with the ends of the mother and veI-koplošnou washer. The joints should|y sealed-dilation plastic sealant.
    In the second stage has already been built prefabricated objects the width of 13 m, but were built “ŮLy“ width 16 m type 3/16. These were not only objects of greater width, but were built in a different technology - they were “cast“ (on the reinforced concrete foundation slab was constructed of corrugated sheet metal “lost formwork“ with armováním and the concrete was poured in place.
    *
     
    the Name of the airport:
    Name aifield:
    Žatec Žatec
    Other names:
    Other Names:
    MM.YYYY-08.05.1945 Fliegerhorst Saaz
    08.05.1945-DD.08.1951 Žatec - Stankovice
    DD.08.1951-31.12.1994 Žatec (the so-called "KOREA")
    Datum -
    GPS coordinates:
    Reference point -
    GPS Coordinates:
    50°22'16.068"N, 13°35'19.376"E
    Number:
    Number:
    490
    Class:
    Class:
    1
    Call sign:
    Call sign:
    MERCURY
    ICAO Code:
    ICAO cod:
    LKZC
    the Emergence of:
    Established:
    DD.MM.1945
    Note:
    Note:
    -

    . OPERATIONAL AREA:
    OPERATIONAL SURFACE:

    runway (VPD):
    Runway (RWY)
    :

    VPD:
    Designation RWY:
    I. the "old" 28/10 (N)
    II. "new" 28/10
    I. "old" 28/10 (N)
    II. "new" 28/10
    the VPD ALSO. (emergence):
    RWY EVEN.(estblished):
    DD.MM.1945
    Geographic direction (the main):
    Geographical directio (main):
    277°
    Geographic direction (inverted):
    Geographical directio (reverse):
    097°
    Surface (in formation):
    Surface (established):
    concrete concrete
    a) After the reconstruction of (date):
    After reconstruction (date):
    -
    b) Other renovation (date): Other reconstruction (date): -
    Dimensions (in formation) length x width (m): Dimension (established) length x width (ft): 1700 x 45m 5577 x 147,64 ft
    a) after the reconstruction of the (date)
    after reconstruction (date):
    -
    b) other renovation (date):
    other reconstruction (date):
    -
    VPD II.(emergence):
    RWY II.(established):
    DD.08.1951
    Geographic direction (the main):
    Geographical directio (main):
    277°
    Geographic direction (inverted):
    Geographical directio (reverse):
    097°
    Surface (in formation): Surface (established): concrete concrete
    a) After the reconstruction of (date):
    After reconstruction (date):
    -
    b) Other renovation (date):
    Other reconstruction (date):
    -
    Dimensions (in formation) length x width (m):
    Dimension (established) length x width (ft):
    2500 x 80m 8202 x 262,47 ft
    a) After the reconstruction of the (date)
    After reconstruction (date):
    -
    b) other renovation (date):
    other reconstruction (date):

    the Capture devices of aeroplanes:
    Arresting Device:

    Beyond the end of the VPD as well. the direction of/number of/type of :
    after the end of a RUNWAY EVEN. directio/number/type:
    -
    Beyond the end of the VPD as well. the direction of/number of/type of :
    after the end of a RUNWAY EVEN. directio/number/type:
    -
    After the reconstruction of the (date) number/type:
    After reconstruction (date) number/type:
    -
    Beyond the end of the VPD II. the direction of/number of/type of :
    after the end of RWY II. directio/number/type:
    277° (2x) TFF-82
    b) For the end of the VPD II. the direction of/number of/type of:
    after the end of RWY II. directio/number/type:
    097° (-)
    After the reconstruction of the (date) number/type:
    After reconstruction (date) number/type:
    -
    runway (VD):
    Starting Runway (SRWY)
    :

    the Emergence of:
    Established:
    DD.MM.1972
    Geographic direction:
    Geographical directio:
    080°
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width ( ft):
    1400 x 20m 4593 x 65,61 ft
    Surface:
    Surface :
    afalt asphalt
    Emergency landing strip (emergence):
    Emergency landing strip (established):
    DD.MM.YYYY
    Geographic direction (the main):
    Geographical directio (main):
    277°
    Geographic direction (inverted):
    Geographical directio (reverse):
    097°
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width ( ft):
    2500 x 120m 8202 x 393,70 ft
    the Surface of the
    Surface:
    grass grass
    Taxiway (PD):
    Taxiway (TWY):
    PD (letter / number):
    Designation TWY (letters / number):
    PDh (main)
    Surface (in formation) :
    Surface (inception):
    concrete concrete
    Surface reconstruction after (date):
    Surface after reconstruction (date):
    -
    Dimensions - width (m):
    Dimension - width (ft):
    18m 59,05 ft
    Other taxiway:
    Other Taxiway:

    a Connecting path (SD):
    Connecting path:

    Designation of SD (number):
    Designation (number):
    SD 1, SD 2, SD 3,
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete concrete
    Dimensions - width (m):
    Dimension - width (ft):
    18m 59,05 ft
    Designation of SD (number):
    Designation (number):
    SD 4
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete concrete
    Dimensions - width (m):
    Dimension - width (ft):
    22,5 m 73,81 ft
    Post aircraft ("gate"):
    Aircraft stations ("stands"):

    a) Designation (in formation):
    Designation (inception):
    SL 1;
    SL 2 (western)
    SL 1;
    SL 2 (west)
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width ( ft):
    150 x 24m 492,12 x 78,74 ft
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete concrete
    b) Designation:
    Designation:
    SL 3 (east - afterburner) SL 3 (eastern - forging)
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width (ft):
    300 x 48m 984,24 x 157,48 ft
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete concrete
    c) the Designation of the
    Designation:
    SL 4 (in RP 2) SL 4 (RP 2)
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width (ft):
    85 x 65m 278,88 x 213,25 ft
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete concrete
    After the reconstruction of (date):
    After reconstruction (date):
    DD.MM.YYYY
    d) Indications:
    Designation: :
    SL 1 ("filling" LPH) SL 1 ("filling")
    Dimensions - length x width (m):
    Dimension - length x width (ft):
    150 x 22m 492,12 x 72,18 ft
    Surface:
    Surface:
    concrete conkrete
    Stanovištěvrtulníků ("gate"):
    Helicopters stations ("stands"):

    Indication
    Designation:

    Note:
    Note:
    -


    II. SHELTERS AIRCRAFT:
    SHELTERS of AIRCRAFT:

    Hangars (number/type) :
    Hangars (number / type):
    3x "Vitkovice" 85 x 30m; 3x "Vitkovice" 278,88 x 98,42 ft;
    and) GPS coordinates:
    GPS Coordinates:
    50°22'31.584"N, 13°34'42.715"E DD.MM.1951: H no 1
    and) GPS coordinates:
    GPS Coordinates:
    50°22'13.03"N, 13°35'14.376"E DD.MM.1952: H no 2
    and) GPS coordinates:
    GPS Coordinates:
    50°22'27.549"N, 13°35'58.527"E DD.MM.1952: H no Three
    Other nezodolněné shelters:
    Other unsupported shelters:
    1x the "old hangar" 13 x 30m; 1x "olds hangars" 42,65 x 98,42 ft;
    and) GPS coordinates:
    GPS Coordinates:

    50°36'73.506"N, 13°60'07.464"E DD.MM.1949-DD.MM.1975 H no 0
    Ruggedised shelters aircraft:
    Hardened aircraft shelters:

    Incorporating a ruggedised premises (the date of the zodolnění):
    Scattering hardened spaces – (date hardened):
    DD.MM.1972
    RP 1 (northwest) "minický";
    RP 2 (southeast) "staňkovický";
    RP 3 (southwest) "žiželický"
    DD.MM.1972
    RP 1 (northwest);
    RP 2 (southeast);
    RP 3 (southwest)
    hiding places of the aircraft (the Hives) - the number /type:
    Aircraft shelters - number / type:
    3 x 12=36 - 2A/13 (width = 13m) 3 x 12= 36 - 2A/13 (with = 42,65 ft)
    Termination of air traffic:
    End air operation:
    31.12.1993
    Extinction:
    Cancelled:
    DD.MM.2001
    Note:
    Note:
    -
    Source:
    Sources:
    Overview of aerodromes and operating data "MORAVA 85" – the Ministry of national defense/air force Command
    .
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#594834Version : 0
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    This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button below to see machine translation of this post.

    Prečo vlastne doslo k uplnemu zniceniu Zateckeho letiska?
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#423497Version : 0
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    Odpověďět "Proč bylo zrušeno letiště Žatec" by si vyžádalo dlouhý "popis".
    Ale fakticky na počátku bylo POLITICKÉ rozhodnutí, kterému "sekundovali" i někteří "vojáci".


    Přesto asi největší chybou bylo, že po "demiliterizaci a dekontimaci" nezůstala zachována VPD a některá zařízení.
    Na druhou stranu to byl fantastický JOB, na kterém si "pomohlo" spoustu firem a jedinců za peníze poplatníků.


    Tvrzení, že tak vznikla (mimo těch dvou velkých "baráků") "nejdražší louka" (rozloha cca 300 ha) ve střední Evropě není přehnané ...
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#423500Version : 0
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    Na mysli som mal prave to znicenie drahy a UL, ktore su na inych byvalych vojenskych letiskach teraz dost vyuzivane.
    URL : https://en.valka.cz/topic/view/84404#423507Version : 0