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Moskalev SAM-13

Moskalev SAM-13 / Москалев САМ-13

    Name: [b:3aab32405c]Moskalev SAM-13 [/b:3aab32405c]
    Manufacturer: National aerospace industry of the USSR the plant in Voronezh
    Type: experimental aircraft (considered as a lightweight fighter)
    Manufactured: 1939 the beginning of the work; the autumn of 1941 maiden flight; the turn of 1941 and 42, destroyed in the evacuation of
    Made of pieces: 1
    Crew: 1
    Engine: 2x MV-6 on performance of the 236 horses
    Weight empty: 755 kg
    takeoff: 1 183 kg
    Margin: 7,30 m
    Length: 6,70 m
    Height: 2,26 m
    Bearing surface: 9,00 m2
    Max. speed: 590 km/h in 3 750 m
    Ceiling: 10 000 m
    Range: 850 km
    Armament : 4x [b:3aab32405c]ŠKAS[/b:3aab32405c] caliber 7,62 mm (not fitted).
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    In 1938 in Paris was the traditional Aerosalón and here the professional public was surprised by the Dutch company Fokker his prototype fighter aircraft of the D-XXIII. The Pilot sat between the two engines, such a solution should, logically, their advantages and disadvantages. The prototype dvoutrupého the Fokker took a variety of constructors and one of them was a young designer Alexander Sergjevič Amended. His domain were mainly of a lightweight sports machines, and for their construction of aircraft proposed by the often very unusual solution. Worked in a variety of design teams, where the proposed number of very unusual projects, which were mostly unused. Amended too often proposed construction, which ahead of its time and so vybočoval for the best tracks.

    At the time of presentation Fokker D-XXIII worked in Voronezh in the OKB-31, this design office yla part of the production plant of the same heading, the young Moskalev began immediately to work on the project light fighter similar in concept, what had i mentioned Fokker. The project to his superiors took and Moskalev able to proceed to the construction of the wooden dummy, it was completed in 1939 and immediately after work began on the prototype. The prototype was completed in the following year and the end of the year was also killed.

    The new aircraft with the designation of the SAM-13, was much smaller than the Fokker D-XXIII, powered it with two have six rolls engines Renault MV-6, which in the USSR had the license to produce in large batches and should propel training and sports machines, DOSAAFu (Russian ДОСААФ). Letounek was after a page has the aerodynamics of a well designed and built, the landing gear was of the retractable nose type, SOP was simple and was ofukována stream of air from the rear of the propeller.

    During the first flight was achieved a speed of 560 km/h and with nezataženým the front suspension around. Soviet military air force prototype also tried the (tests participated in the well-known test pilot Mark Gallaj). SAM-13 was still ofukován in the wind tunnel in the CAGI (ЦАГИ - Центральный аэрогидродинамический институт). And. With. Moskalev, who pushed for its rapid introduction into service, was flatly rejected, with an emphasis on it, that the aircraft is neozbrojen and the planned armament of four machine guns is weak. Supplemented allegedly even tried the airplane to prepare for the race sport aircraft, but these preparations interrupted by the war.

    Letounek was subsequently destroyed in the evacuation to Omsk, the total should be made seven test flights.

    [source:aaaaaa]Used sources:
    Václav Němeček, Aircraft 39-45, Moskalev SAM-13, Aerospace and aviation no 18/1993, volume LXIX, str. 40/1196, publishing Magnet Press, s. p., ISSN 0024-1156.].
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    For an idea of what he looked like this little the model did not fly SAM-13.

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