SOV - K-10 / AS-2 Kipper

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SOV - K-10 / AS-2 Kipper

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    K-10 / AS-2 Kipper


    The development of heavy antiship missiles K-10 started 3.2.1955 in the OKB-155 and OKB-155-2 under the direction of major of engineers M.I.Gureviče and And.J.Bereznjaka. At the same time of the missile, work has started on the naváděcim system and the search radar Only in OKB-1 under the guidance of the designer With.F.Matjevského (the basic requirements for the new missile were the designers made available already in 1954 but, due to the adaptation of these requirements to the possibilities of the bomber Tupolev Tu-16 for that missile was primarily intended to specifikační the proceedings dragged on until 1955).

    After nearly two years of development created the weapon system K-10 including protizemní radar Only with a range of up to 230 km depending on the altitude of flight, and the only antiship missile K-10. It had to be suspended on a hinge under the closed bomb bay of the aircraft Tu-16K-10 whose development was carried out simultaneously with the development of missiles. Because the aircraft of the Tupolev Tu-16K-10 was dohotoven up in 1958, carried out the aerodynamic and flight testing of a modified version of the missile with a radio management during the glide modes are the flight from the decks of modified bombers Tupolev Tu-4 Bull. The first sharp shot missiles K-10 from the deck of a new bomber Tu-16K-10 took place 28.5.1958 close to the port Ševčjenko in the Caspian sea while the target ship has been disabled tanker Chkalov. This subsequently led to the deletion of the other four missiles K-10 while the last one was odpalována to another vyřazenou ship because the tanker Chkalov after the third intervention he broke and sank (for one of the missiles failed to crank the engine and it then glide fell into the sea). On the basis of these tests have been launched state of the test weapon system K-10 and he was in the air force armament VVS included in 1960. The missile was subsequently upgraded, and in 1962 was in the air force armament VVS adopted a modernized variant of the K-10S were removed most often criticised shortcomings such as the need to refuel the missile before launch or unreliable starter of a jet engine M-9FK ( modified version of RD-9).
    In 1962-1966 subsequently created several other variants of the missiles K-10 lišicích is mainly used capitals. Their list is here:

    -10: the Basic variant with penetrating warheads FK-10 and FK-1M (for attacks below the waterline of the vessel.
    K-10S: a Modernized variant of the missile K-10
    K-10P: Missile K-10 with a passive radar homing head.This head has a range of up to 60 km.
    -10M: Missile K-10, with a nuclear warhead forces of up to 1.5 megatons.
    K-10SN: Bullet TO the-10S with extended range the laboratory is equipped napalmovou the burnt head.
    K-10SD: Bullet TO the-10S with extended range and piercing or nuclear warhead.


    Technical description of the missile:

    The missile has aerodynamic screw hull with a pair of larger středoplošných of the wings and tail and the classic design. In the cutting edge missile is placed homing head with the autopilot. The central part of the projectile includes fittings for suspension under carrier and attack the explosive warhead. The rear part then carries the helm, tank of fuel (from version With is fuel, aviation kerosene) and on the pylon under the missile is suspended from the turbojet engine M-9FK. The bullet is discharged from a height of 11-5 km and her flight takes place at flight level 8-0,5 km. Záladní the firing commands are autopilotu missiles transmitted to the operator of the radar Just shortly before the detonation of the projectile and through the use of radio transmission are constantly updated.


    Technical data of the shots TO a-10S

    Manufacturer: State aviation industry of the USSR
    Category: Heavy antiship cruise missile
    Produced: 1960
    Number of pieces: ?
    Crew: the Missile is controlled by the autopilot
    Engine: M-9FK
    take-off weight: ?
    the Maximum take-off weight: 4533 kg
    Range: 4.18 to m
    Length: 10,00 m
    Height: ?
    Max. speed: 2030 km/h
    rate of Climb: ?
    Ceiling: 12 km
    Range: 110-325 km
    Requirements: armor-piercing antiship warheads or classic trhavá warheads against ground targets
    Other: -



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