Lady Emma Hamilton
She was born Emily Lyon 26th 4th 1765 in a blacksmith's family in rural Cheshire. Her family was very poor, therefore, little Emma was a child she began working in the wealthy families as a maid. Some of their masters, then was raped at age 15.
In the spring of 1782 began to serve in the House of Charles Greville. He was a handsome nobleman, had 33 years so long as he was unmarried. Emma into passionate love. Greville not return her feelings, however, used the situation to love games. Emma was very beautiful, painted by many famous painters, who at the time attended Grevillův house. Emma Greville served for four long years and obviously longed vdavkách with a senior lover.
Greville, however, in fact, lacking money. He was looking for a bride, but here the physical appearance or love played no role, since the determinant of the amount of dowry.
Grevillova efforts were finally crowned with success - the bride appeared acceptable, but the problem remained how to get rid of Emma, which was a clear obstacle to marriage. Just throw it on the street could not, their love affair was known in society, so this would mean meeting a social scandal.
Greville recalled how in 1784 it was visited by his uncle Sir William Hamilton, English ambassador to Naples. It is during his visit to the beautiful and glamorous Emmy headlong in love, though he was already 54 years old. Nineteen-year old Emma, of course, did not return his feelings, only had eyes for Greville. Hamilton was an experienced man, without his love Emma confessed, he returned to Naples. He mentioned, however, about their feelings nephews.
He hesitated, and now that Emma got rid of the uncle's letter suggested marriage to Emma. Hamilton naturally hesitated, realizing the vast difference in age and social. Greville, therefore, urged on him and tried to convince every way. From this period also came a large and somewhat disgusting correspondence. Greville, uncle in an attempt to persuade, it slipped to perversity, when he described Emma's particular strengths and qualities.
Hamilton eventually reluctantly accepted Greville and quickly developed a simple plan. Emma announced that it intends to travel to visit his uncle in Naples and it takes him. Just before departure, but Emma said with regret that certain urgent matters it makes you even more delay in London. Emma then left alone with instructions to prepare for now Grevillův arrival.
Emma Grevillův arrival eagerly awaited and often delicate, and he wrote love letters. Eventually, however, arrived only a lover instead of a letter Greville told her he was going to marry and remain in England. Whether you prefer to say their attention is now devoted to Sir Hamilton.
Emma immediately offended by this disgusting and cruel fraud changed the tone of his letters. Now they spurted out of passion and anger: "He'll never Hamilton's mistress. When you since you have to endure the bitter insult and disgrace, I insist, to marry me. "
Hamilton married for various reasons, hesitated, but Emma was adamant, threatening scandal. The marriage was therefore ultimately 6th 9th 1791, Sir Hamilton was 61 years old at the time the bride and 26th
Immediately after the wedding, Emma began to perform any marital duties, and both private and social, arising from her wife of the ambassador, because at that time, not knowing the persistent concealment, wives of politicians, with their shared common issues and work according to their capabilities help them.
Contemporaries describe her as a woman both beautiful and energetic, but also very intelligent. Very quickly, for example, learned Italian and studied other languages, singing and acting. She was the soul of society. Taking advantage of his position is friends with Maria Carolina, wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples. Both women will often discuss important state affairs, since, due to his position could speak quite informally, which gave them considerable flexibility in the negotiations. Only in the final stage of the negotiations came after Hamilton, who then brought the matter formally to a successful end.
In 1796, for example Emma showed his country a great service. King Ferdinand received a secret letter from his brother King of Spain, in which he informed him of its intention to declare war on England after the French side. Ferdinand letter showed his wife, Maria Carolina proved it again Emma. It can be copied and sent Hamilton, who immediately sent him to London. This has enabled England to prepare for war in all important areas, particularly to protect its own merchant fleet.
Another important help Emma showed his homeland before the Battle of Abu Kir
time in search of Napoleon's fleet anchored in Naples and asked to supplement supplies, particularly food and fresh drinking water, since the fleet threatened to erupt disease. King Ferdinand refused because he feared retribution for violation of French neutrality. Emma, however, unofficially turned to Mary and the Carolinas secretly ordered to deliver to Nelson's ship everything. With this action, then Nelson could sail to Alexandria and its famous win the battle.
After his victory Nelson
with his damaged ships sailed back to Naples. Both King Ferdinand IV of Sicily. Nelson welcomed with all the honors, it was clear that his kingdom would sooner or later become victims of a French invasion.
Emma insisted that Nelson
was staying in their house. Personally, I nursed a hero who in battle suffered head injuries. Often she sat by his bed, exchanging it bandages, books read to him. Nelson was moved by a concern for their personal and completely fascinated by a beautiful lady. During the celebration of Nelson's victory with Nelson as a close relationship with Sir William and Lady Emma. His relationship to the ambassador's wife, but he soon grew to over her head and turned the affair. Sir William that seems to know. He understood, however, that in his 68 years 33leté his wife in some respects insufficient and, moreover, had sincerely liked Nelson. Nelson was drugged beautiful, smart, fiery woman. This in turn was impressed with the "Hero of the Nile."
Emma and Nelson himself passionately in love. Nelson was a principled man who built his honor in the first place. Even Sir Hamilton, Emma did not want to cheat. Neither, however, could not control.
After a hasty and unsuccessful attempt to dislodge the French Army of Naples from Rome, invaded by French troops in Naples. In the night of 23 12th 1798 Emma helped with the evacuation of the royal court at Nelson's ships. Nelson then took the royal family, and Hamilton in Palermo. Cruise took a heavy storm, all the passengers were scared to death. Emma bravely kept and looked after the youngest son of six-Maria Carolina, who was seriously ill. Little Prince but she eventually died despite the efforts of his arms.
Admiration for Nelson's Emma, in these moments are still rising. In Palermo, the mutual love affair erupted Nelson and Emma at full strength of their feelings were that it could no longer good enough to hide. Their relationship is the Neapolitan Court slowly became an open secret.
At that time, Emma has gained the first English, the title of Knight of the Order of the Knights of Malta, for the fact that Carolina was able to convince Mary to order 'knights sent some food after Malta had to evacuate before the French occupation. Nelson said the matter fairly and intervened after Emma was extremely proud of Honor. Later they had in the cabin with a portrait of Emma order decorations hanging around his neck.
In the second half of 1799, rumors of a relationship came to London. Lady Nelson even decided to sail to the Mediterranean, to her husband and defeated the ratio remained at his side.
Nelson reassuring sending her letters, which he managed to calm the woman and of her intention to discourage it. His affair with Emma, but continued unabated. Both suffered while. Nelson risked his reputation and career. Emma could lose more from the poor conditions she managed to work on aristocratic and now could lose about everything. Yet both failed to help, it was no exaggeration to Horace and Emma greatest love of their lives. Soon came a tangible result of their passion - sometimes during the May Emma Nelson conceived. Fortunately, thanks to both the fashion was to hide her problem pregnancy.
In July 1800 Hamilton and Nelson have been dismissed from the action of his Neapolitan back to London. After returning to England soon came the first problem. Emma refused to accept the court because of its origin (and of course the relationship with Nelson). It was great for her to insult the wrong suffered.
In January 1801 Emma gave birth to a daughter named after father Horatio
. Pregnancy, she managed to successfully hide and two weeks before allegedly "ill" and resorted to the sidelines. After successful delivery, again "healed" back into society. The child was handed over to the education of a sort of reward for Mrs. Gibson, chuďasce London, which was the illegitimate offspring of rich people's routine. The child's birth certificate was issued in the name of Thompson, which was a pseudonym used the Nelson with Emma in love letters.
Nelson was happy, loved children and his wife did not give him any. Emma Horatii similar to the love felt. For her, it was mainly a threat, because of which he might possibly disinherit a spouse. However, having listened to Nelson's enthusiasm proposals to leave England with the hostile atmosphere of antagonism and the elite. Nelson dreamed about it, go with Emma and Horatio
on his estate of Bronte in Sicily. But as long as he lived Hamilton did not seem anything like that into account.
Emma Nelson, therefore, started looking for a house in England. The condition was to be large enough for her and her husband, Nelson, unfortunately, never had much money and so was quite limited financial budget. Finally bought a house Merton Place in Surrey about 6 miles from London. At first, unattractive-looking house Emma eventually managed to rebuild and repair. It was created as a comfortable lodge with beds of roses and beautiful garden.
The house soon began to live a busy social life, which was mainly thanks to Emma. Nelson here to visit his relatives and friends of officers. They dubbed some of the house, one began to say "deck" other "back" and a small creek flowing through the garden was called "Little Nile. The role of the perfect hostess are featured Lady Hamilton, who convinced her husband that the Lord Nelson all can take care of itself and its presence is therefore essential. Thanks to its leading figures Merton arrived English royalty. For Emma it was a certain satisfaction for its people continuous refusal of the court.
Sir Hamilton and his wife, and thus most of the time lived in Merton. Sir Hamilton fished most of the time, while his wife was devoted to Nelson and guests. Strange Triangle coexistence Emma, Sir Hamilton and Nelson were not consistently condemned by the English high society.
Sir Hamilton looked as if nothing had happened, although the proportion of his wife knew. The fact that my daughter, but apparently did not know anything. While Emma Horatii
to Merton such vehicles, so the girl could meet with Nelson, but always when Hamilton stayed in London.
Hamilton died after a long illness sixth 4th 1803rd During his life, his wife's infidelity never nevyčetl. His revenge, however, apparently was that the property bequeathed all his nephews Greville, that it was Emma only pay a modest annual rent.
Emma found herself in a difficult situation. She led a life costly and increasingly zabředávala into financial problems. Nelson tried to help her by writing a letter to Maria Carolina, which once stood in the position of Emma's friends. He asked him about it in financial assistance for Emma. But Maria Carolina vividly demonstrated what it means friendship of the upper layers, because in his letter expressed the total disregard of the situation his "girlfriend".
Lady Hamilton, therefore asked the government for compensation for his efforts at diplomacy in the Mediterranean. Her request was rejected, probably also because of resentment over her affair with Nelson, he expressed himself king.
Emma eventually had to sell their jewelry, but it was only a momentary solution. Nelson tried to help her, but he was without resources, break with his wife worth considerably whittled down and he had problems with the expensive life style, to which he brought Emma. Often, when expressed concern that after his death, Emma Horatio find themselves in poverty.
Some at least were happy that the two after Hamilton's death occurred more often in Merton and all three are longer lived together.
Nelson, however, soon had to leave again. Yet the Horatii and Emma thought in recent times. Their precarious financial situation it also seems forced on the day of the Battle of Trafalgar will write this: "21 října 1805th Out of sight associated Franco-Spanish fleet, which is located approximately ten miles
Excellent service, showed that Emma Hamilton, widow of the Reverend William Hamilton, was for our King and country extremely important, and as far as I know, neither the king nor the homeland is not reward.
Firstly, the fact that Lady Hamilton won 1796 letter to the Spanish king's brother, king of Naples, from which implied that Spain intends to declare war on England. Based on this letter, if issued, the English government orders to Sir John Jervis, to the extent possible attack on the Spanish fleet and arsenals. That did not happen, not the fault of Lady Hamilton ...
Second, the British fleet after my leadership would never have to return to Egypt, had not Lady Hamilton used his influence on the Neapolitan queen and drove her to syrakuskému wrote a letter to the governor with orders to allow the Navy to supply the food, if you anchor in a Sicilian port . We came to Syracuse and got all the needed supplies, then we sailed to Egypt and destroyed the French fleet. If I were alone in a position to reward the merits, I would not turn to their home countries with a similar plea, because it is not in my power, I commend the Lady Emma Hamilton in the care of his king and country in order for it to provide adequate security, which would have allowed the live, as it corresponds to the state. In the care of their homeland also commend her adoptive daughter Horatii Nelson Thompson and I wish that in future, wear only the name Nelson.
Only on this, please pardon my King and country when I go to fight for them ... do not resemble their relatives, will certainly be due tangibles. Nelson and Bronte. Witnesses: Henry Blackwood, TM Hardy. " Nelson
actually died in battle and the news of his death Captain Merton delivered Whitby. He tried to mitigate the blow and the speech he said: "We have achieved great victories ..."
the voice trembling and his pale face, but Emma suggested a severe reality. Lady Hamilton and knew immediately collapsed to the ground in a swoon.
Nelson's a moving testament of the king ignored. Resentment of the Court and its adherence to the narrow-minded morality won again. When Lady Hamilton later met with the wording of Nelson's executor, she said: "What was my dětina Nelson!" Nelson
really suffered all his life an exaggerated respect for the king, and quite naive even for a moment doubted that his last wishes will be fulfilled. In fact, the king physically secure numerous estates, annuities and its related titles. Emma and Horatio got nothing. He even could not attend the funeral of admirals.
After Nelson's death, Emma tried to continue to live as an aristocrat. This makes it not financially ruined. Soon drowning in debt. Nelson and her friends tried to help her, but without result. Emma suffered from depression, a thickened and began to drink.
On New Year's Day 1813 she ends with Horatio in a debtors' prison. Friends of her once more and managed to save them from prison to pay Emma. She eventually decided to flee to France, where it tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for fourteen Horatii
Their situation was bleak. Emma had liver disease and almost unable to walk. She died on 15th 1st 1815th At the time of her death, Horatio did not have enough money for the funeral. He eventually paid the English consul in Calais. At the funeral, but surprisingly few people gathered. All the captains and officers of the English ships being berthed in the port of Dover went to her grave as a man in ceremonial uniforms. These brave and honorable men not interested in gossip and slander of the highest circles. For them it was simple - they loved that loved Nelson and Emma. Thus it came to give final tribute.
Source: Vladimir Truchanovskij: The Fate of Admiral Nelson, MF 1992