טייסת 119 העטלף Tajeset 119 "Ha'Atalef"
119. Squadron "Die Fledermaus" With bats in EMBLEM 119th History tajeset Israeli Air Force 119. tajeset is one of the most successful units of the Israeli Air Force Ha'Avir Chel. Pilots of the 119th tajeset received many aerial battles, in which nearly a hundred Arab downed aircraft and dozens of others destroyed on the ground. Performed many hundreds of bombing missions, during which successfully destroyed the Arab air defense, air bases, training camps of terrorists and the Syrian Air Force headquarters in the heart of Damascus. A number of pilots in his years with the 119th tajeset became fighter aces. For these achievements, but also paid a high price - at least ten members of the unit in the defense of Israel lost their lives. Here is their story ... Establishment unit
119. tajeset was founded in September 1956 at the base of Ekron (now Tel Nov) as a fighter unit for any weather. Weapons have become the three British night fighter jet Gloster Meteor NF.13
and aviation personnel formed a single crew. The Sinai War
Already less than two months after its inception, the 119th tajeset given the rights and obligations of the first, albeit unofficial and secret actions Sinai War. At night on 29 October 1956 pilot Jehoaš Cidon radar operator with the Brose Elijašivem 200 kilometers south of Cyprus downed Egyptian Il-14
, on board of a meeting in Damascus returned to Cairo sixteen senior officers of the Egyptian General Staff. Escaped death, the Egyptian Chief of General Staff, which is later returned by plane. Egyptian high command, but it suffered a loss by a few hours before the war could not be replaced.
Themselves in hostilities is one crew 119th tajeset did not. Undertaken a few night alarms start against the penetrating jet bombers Egyptian Il-28
, but to avoid contact with the enemy. For example, at night to 31 October crew Cidon / Bros have organized a failed takeoff alarm against Egyptian bombers. 1957-1967
As a result of the Sinai War, the British government imposed an embargo on the remaining three Meteors NF.13
(as hypocritical when one considers that the Israeli actions were coordinated with Britain and France) and Israel, a jet fighter for all-weather badly needed, had to look elsewhere. Suitable type was found, where else than in France and it has SNCA Vautour Iin
, which has been ordered seven pieces and already in March 1958 were the first four Vautoury
the 119th tajeset delivered. Following the delivery of the British embargo immediately released (felt like one last chance to sell the already obsolete aircraft) and the remaining three Meteors NF.13
delivered in April 1958 (one aircraft flyover crashed in France and was used only as a source of spare parts) .
In August 1963, however, drive all its meteors
handed 110th tajeset and started re-armament of the Mirage IIICJ
, which was completed in March 1964th
The first combat engagement "Miraz"
119th tajeset took place on 13 November 1966. This unit ofCahal (CVA Haganah L'Israel - Israel Defense Forces) to conduct an operation against Palestinian terrorist training camp in Jordan. Israeli troops were attacked during an operation a pair of Jordan Hunter
. The point guard was called Mirage
119th tajeset and after aerial combat osmiminutovém tajeset Commander Ran Ronen one of Hunter
shot down. It was the third victory of the history of the series Mirage
The aggressive deployment occurred during the so-called "water wars" in April 1967, Syrian artillery shelled the building of irrigation channels in the border areas of northern Israel. To defend the northern kibbutz was seventh April 1967 the Air Force deployed - Ouragany
attacked Syrian batteries, while the Mirage
one hundred and first, 117th and 119 tajeset provide air cover.
The clash occurred eight minutes before four pm. A pair of Mirage
119th tajeset, piloted by Major Ran Ronen Avraham and Captain Salmon, is woven with two Syrian MiG-21
. Ran Ronen after assuming the position of firing a missile fired Šafrir, but that the MiG
just passed, without exploding. Then the Syrians turned on afterburners tried to escape. Ronen Šafrir second hit, but this pilot MiG
outmaneuvered. Ronen two-second dose of the Mirage
, but it escaped from an exploding MiG
had to eject.
Avraham Salmon meanwhile attacked the other MiG
. Both guided missiles Šafrir
, fired from a distance of 1000, 700 meters traditionally fail and therefore the distance of 400 meters fired from cannons. Syrian missiles hit a few, but Salmon was a lack of fuel forced to stay and fight the damaged MiG
returned to base.
At half-past four in the afternoon were in the same area detected the presence of four Syrian MiG-21
, which were induced to two pairs of Mirage
, one of the 117th and 119 tajeset. "Hundred and nineteen" represented in this engagement Major Mordecai Jeshurun and captain Oded Sagi. The engagement, however, was never realized because of the MiG
pilots took care of the 117th tajeset. Six-Day War
Since the beginning of 1967 the aggressive plans of the Arab countries towards Israel is becoming increasingly important. 14th May joined the Egyptian army into the demilitarized zone on Mount Sinai and UN troops are deployed to the forced withdrawal. In addition, the 22nd May Egypt blocked the Straits of Tiran to all shipping traffic, leading to the Israeli port of Eilat. These acts were flagrant violation of the ceasefire agreement concluded in 1956, despite the fact that the armies of Arab war preparations clearly showed that more Arab aggression is only a matter of time.
Based on the decision by the Israeli government because of the Israeli Air Force on Monday 5 June 1967
launched a preventive strike against Arab air forces of neighboring countries and 119 tajeset, of course, at that: The first wave:
At 7.50 pm four Mirage
(band 119 / 5, callsign Apartment) attacked the Egyptian Inšás base, which bombed the runway and subsequent passes on the ground destroyed 4-5 MiG-21
Crew: 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 58), No. 2 Shlomo Egozy (Mirage 1932), No. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 1920), No. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 43).
7.24 takeoff, landing 8.25 pm
Formation was right to start as early as July 19 but due to an error in the documentation to take off 5 minutes late. Formation Commander Ran Ronen he realized the mistake only when he saw four starting Vautourů
, which should take off on schedule after the formation Apartment. Formation, therefore, immediately took off and flew all the way speed of 420 knots (778 km / h) instead of 360 (667 km / h) and accelerated to 540 (1000 kph) nodes earlier than planned. Delays formation leveled one minute before the goal.
At 8:00 am four Mirage
(band 119 / 6, callsign Lintel) attacked the Egyptian Cairo-West base, where 500 kg bombs bombed the runway and land destroyed one bomber ( Tu-16
), two MiG-21
and two MiG-17
. Number 2 is the first air raid failed to throw bombs and therefore odbombardoval up on subsequent passes.
Crew: 1 Oded Sagi (Mirage 80), No. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 68), No. 3 Ilan Haiti (Mirage 79), No. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 1919).
7.27 takeoff, landing 8.26 pm
At 8.55am four Mirage
(band 119 / 7, call sign Gutter) again attacked the Cairo-West, where bombed runway 16/34 and then, three fly-bys, where the aircraft and fired behind the airport building. Figure 4 also carried out photographic documentation of the base (just come from his well-known images of burning bomber Tu-16
In one of the flybys were the number 3 hit in the back of the fuel tank. Due to the subsequent release of aircraft over Gaza fuel out of fuel, but with Reuven Rozen aircraft could land safely at base Hatzor.
Crew: No. 1 Agassi Yaakov (Mirage 78), No. 2 Omri Afek (Mirage 41), No. 3 Reuven Rozen (Mirage 83), No. 4, Ehud Salah (Mirage 85).
8.17 takeoff, landing 9.30
Each unit Mirage
addition to strikes against the bases left the country two pairs of cash, armed for air combat. During the first two waves of the cash 119th tajeset formed by Eitan Karmim Gioro and Rome, lifted and instructed the Egyptian Abu Sueir base, where the Egyptian MiG-21
trying to attack the attacking Israeli aircraft. Karmi and ROM after two MiGách shot down. The second wave:
(callsign Apartment) bombed the Egyptian Abu Sueir base and subsequent passes bombers destroyed four Il-28
Number two due to erroneous switching of the weapon system of air-air neodbombardoval. After returning to the pilot found that the two 500 kg bombs are in place, but rather a lack of anti-aircraft missileŠafrir
Crew: 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 43), No. 2 Keinan Baruch (Mirage 1920), No. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 58), No. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 32).
9.35 takeoff, landing 10.27 pm
(callsign Lintel) attacked the base of the Egyptian El-Minja, which bombed the runway in the country into the ground six to eight IL-14
Crew: 1 Oded Sagi (Mirage 79), No. 2 Shlomo Egozy (Mirage 1919), No. 3 Ilan Haiti (Mirage 80), No. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 68).
9.48 takeoff, landing 11.14 pm
A pair of Mirage
conducted reconnaissance flight over the Egyptian base Inšás, which carried photographic documentation. During the return flight pair flew into a flock of storks, which were sucked into an engine number 2, and caused his arrest. However, the pilot managed to re-start the engine and land safely on base. The aircraft was repaired and the next morning was back in the air.
Crew: 1 Moti Jeshurun ( Mirage IIIBJ
No. 87), No. 2 Uri YAR (IIICJ Mirage (R) No 85).
10.55 Takeoff, landing 11.58 pm
At 12:30 pm four Mirage
(callsign Apartment) attacked the base Gardaka Egypt, where on earth destroyed eight MiG-17
helicopter and one Mi-6
. During the attack, were attacked by twenty-three (!) Egyptian MiG-19
. Ran Ronen in aerial combat shot down two MiG-19
, the third shot down the young lieutenant Arnon Lapidot (at the time he flew the Mirage just less than six months). Four MiGs crashed while attempting to land on the runway and bombed the remaining sixteen MiGs crashed after fuel exhaustion while trying to fly to the northern base. All Mirage right back at home base.
Crew: 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 78), No. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 1920), No. 3 Reuven Rozen (Mirage 43), No. 4 Baruch Keinan (Mirage 32).
11.35 Takeoff, landing from 12.48 to 12.59 hrs)
At a time when the second wave in the air, penetrated into Israeli airspace several Syrian MiG-17
and Jordan Hunter
, who tried to attack various targets in Israel. The air was lifted two cash 119th tajeset and Oded Sagi a Hunter
shot down. The co-pilot fired two missiles Šafrir
to another hunter, but none intervened (first generation Šafrirů
was very erratic and hit the target just about every fifteen rocket, during the Six Day War did not touch even a goal or a shot Šafrir
). The Third Wave:
(callsign Floor) attacked the Jordanian base of the H-5 at Ammann (Prince Hassan AB), where 500 kg bombs bombed the runway 06/24 and the subsequent bombardment of passes on the ground behind the aircraft and control tower. Number 1 because of an erroneous switch weapon system mode air-air neodbombardoval bombs and threw up on their return flight.
The initial objective should be the Egyptian base Gardaka before the flight was diverted to the formation of Amman.
Crew: 1 Avraham Salmon (Mirage 07), No. 2 Omri Afek (Mirage 79), No. 3 Yaakov Agassi (Mirage 41), No. 4 Menachem unlucky (Mirage 68).
12.15 Takeoff, landing 13.37 pm The fourth wave:
(callsign Fence) attack on the Syrian base T-4, which bombed the runway and in subsequent passes on the ground destroyed several aircraft. The raid was the formation assaulted by two Syrian MiG -21
, which shot down Giora Rom and Asher Snir. Due to low fuel state had Giora Rom land at Ramat David.
Crew: 1 Karmi Eitan (Mirage 68), No. 2 Giora Rom (Mirage 43), No. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 1920), No. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 32).
The original objective was the formation of Egypt and its base Inšás Commander Ran Ronen, but just before takeoff was recalled back to the formation of hardened shelters, where she announced a change in Syrian targets the T-4. Ran Ronen Eitan was replaced in the cockpit of Karma and the call sign of the formation was changed from the apartment fence.
15.14 Takeoff, landing 16.14 pm
A few minutes later, the T-4 attacked three more Mirage
(callsign Lintel). Just before reaching the band got into fights with two MiG-21
, which finally downed pilots formation Fence. After odbombardování made several flybys in which bombard the earth behind the aircraft. Together formation Fence and Lintel on earth destroyed nine Syrian aircraft.
It was originally a four-piece band, but Reuven Rozen for technical reasons had to interrupt the mission before takeoff.
The original objective was Damyr Syrian base, but after about 100 km flight was diverted to the formation of the T-4.
Crew: 1 Oded Sagi (Mirage 79), No. 2, Ehud Salah (Mirage 58), No. 3 Menachem unlucky (Mirage 78).
15.18 Takeoff, landing 16.20 pm Fifth Wave:
(callsign Apartment) attacked the international airport in Cairo, where he bombed the runway, without the usual subsequent flybys of bombardment airplanes or buildings.
Crew: 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 41), No. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 07), No. 3 Ilan Haiti (Mirage 58), No. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 20).
17.10 Takeoff, landing 18.15 pm
A few minutes later, another pair of Mirage
káhirským emerged over the international airport and dropped a bomb with a delayed percussion. The aim was to disrupt operations at the airport overnight.
Crew: 1 Moti Jeshurun (Mirage 79), 2 Avraham Salmon (Mirage 78).
17.47 Takeoff, landing 18.50 pm
The first day of the Six Day War, the 119th pilots tajeset conducted 70 sorties in the aerial battles and shot down ten aircraft Arabic without a single loss. His first three victories, five in total, he scored that day, Lieutenant Giora Rom, which later became the most successful Israeli Six-Day War ace. Head ace on the Mirage was the first commander of the 119th day of the war tajeset Major Ran Ronen with four kills.
On Tuesday 6th June
morning, the Egyptian fighter-bombers Su-7
tried to attack Israeli ground troops in the Sinai. Against them stood the Mirage
one hundred and first and 119 tajeset and resulted in the downing of five Su, one of which went to the account of the 119th tajeset.
Later the same day, two-man patrol 119th tajeset (Uri pilots and Ithamar Neuner YAR), along with a patrol of one hundred and first tajeset, instructed toward Port Said, which was detected two Egyptian MiG-19
. The second MiG
became the premier down to Uri Jeariho.
Around the same time, further south, the mountain of Jebel Mara, a pair of 119th Oded tajeset Sagi and Omri Afek clashed with four MiG-19
, of Sagi and Afek which one was destroyed.
From the third day of the war the 119th tajeset particular mission entrusted to winning the air superiority and air defense of Israel.
On Wednesday 7 June
was the formation of Bir Džafdžafy Super Mystery
105th tajeset in attacking ground targets attacked by a group of Egyptian MiG-17
. Instead of a three-member patrol summoned Mirage
119th tajeset (Mordechai Jeshurun, Giora Rom, and Avraham Salmon) Two MiGs shot down. The two took care of Lieutenant Giora Rom, who became not only the first fighter ace in the Mirage
, but also Israel's first fighter ace of all.
On the fourth day war (June 8)
pilots 119th tajeset continue patrol flights over Sinai, Egypt where the activity slowly subsided. There have been several air fights, in which the Romani Salmon Avraham Menachem, and shot down two unlucky one MiG-19
In the afternoon, four Egyptian MiG-17
, covered by four MiG-21
attacked the Israeli forces at El-Aris. The site is next to a pair of Mirage
from the 101st tajeset, the pair appeared 119th tajeset Avraham Reuven Salmon and barbecue, which one MiG-17
shot down. Rozen thereafter unsuccessfully attacked the bomber Il-28
At the same time two other patrol near 119th tajeset Yaakov Menachem Agassi and pitches, that IL-28
and caught fire cannons already Šmulových Egyptian bomber escaped. The pair then turned westward, to haunt the rest of Ilyushin, but then was attacked by four MiG-21
, which shot down the unlucky one.
Friday, 9 June,
the activity of the Egyptian Air Force pilots are already low and the 119th tajeset got only one air combat, while Asher Snir Ilan Hait and chased two Egyptian MiG-17
attacking the Israeli ground troops. Snir shot down two MiGs, while Haiti is the pitch Mirage
number 55 again jammed guns. The Mirage
was considered almost a damn - every air combat jamming guns, plus two times due to technical fault crash (October 10, 1968 and March 4, 1971), with two pilots (Ben Samuel-Rom and Jermijahu Kejdar) were seriously injured.
On the 10th
entered into force in June
ceasefire agreement. A total of 20 pilots of the 119th tajeset during the Six Day War, carried out total of 316 combat missions (IDF / AF officially gives 346 missions) and the loss of one aircraft shot down 24 Arab and other aircraft destroyed on the ground. 119. tajeset thus became the most successful unit of the Six-Day War. Most missions, nineteen, made Ran Ronen, Uri Sagi YAR and Oded. 1967-1973
Although the Six-Day War ended, but the engagement between Israeli and Egyptian planes were soon rampant again.
First "postwar" downing 119th tajeset has achieved less than a month after the Six Day War, the 8th July 1967, when Avi Ben-Nun shot down an EgyptianMiG-21
Seven days later, 15 July was four Mirage
119th tajeset the exploratory flight over several MiGs attacked Egypt. Pilots of the 119th tajeset at the time chalked up victories, five Egyptian jets - two MiG-17
Asher Snir and shot down one MiG-21
, then Ran Ronen, Prigat Eliezer and Avi Ben-Nun. MiG shot down Ronen, was the first strike, missile achieved Šafrir
Ronen and the second was down by Israeli fighter ace.
Avi Ben-Nun scored a third time when alarm start 10th October 1967 and his victim was one of four Egyptian MiG-21
that penetrated the Israeli controlled Sinai.
During the Six Day War, Israeli troops in the Sinai base Bir Džafdžafa provide dozens of Soviet anti-aircraft guided missiles R-3 (AA-2 Atoll)
and nine launchers rack. The test was found to be compatible with the weapon system Mirage
and parameters and characteristics similar to the AIM-9B Sidewinder
. Soviet missiles were so at the end of 1967 included in the standard armory 119th tajeset, which is used until 1970.
The year 1968 took place without any appreciable hostilities and 119th Account tajeset that year did not increase. The clash started to occur again until the beginning of 1969. 14th April Reuven Rozen shot down one of the eight Egyptian MiG-21
, who posed as an attack on Israeli ground forces that drew attention from the mission reconnaissance MiG-21
. It was also the first victory of Israel, made the Mirage
with missiles AIM-9B Sidewinder
The more significant engagement occurred on the 21st May 1969. That day, several formations of Egyptian MiG-21
tried to go over the Sinai. Jan took off from Tel hastily built two cash Ran Ronen and Reuven Rozen and radio quiet directed at low altitude to al-Bardawil. Meanwhile, aside from the base Refidim took off and the sound cash 119th tajeset Snir Asher Eliyahu and Menachem and went to the same area. In the ensuing fight Ronen, Snir Rozen and shot down one MiG and an Egyptian aircraft battery shot down a Hawk missile
(it was the first victory of Hawk).
24th June 1969 pilots of the 119th tajeset "on the celebration of the new Force Commander of the Egyptian Ali Mustafa Baghdádího organized an ambush on the Egyptian pilots and Amos Amir a MiG-21
So far, the largest air battle since the end of the Six Day War, the second occurred July 1969 and 119 tajeset notched three Egyptian MiG-21
- two shot down and one Karmi Eitan Amir Amos.
The battles with the Egyptians, and now Syrian aircraft were in 1969 and 1970 really rampant in this period was almost the month to the 119th tajeset extended the number of victories.
11th September 1969 the Egyptians launched a massive air attack on Israeli military installations in the Sinai. The result was seven downed MiG-21
, of which one was shot down and Harish Dror Snir Asher. Another Mige-21PFM
but was shot down by Mirage
No. 18, Israel's first fighter ace Giora Rom ejected and was captured.
The record is 27th March 1970, when Asher Snir downed two and Arnon Levošin an Egyptian MiG-21
. Snir two victories to become the first Israeli double ace.
2nd April 1970, the number of Israeli fighter-es has grown by two other names, when the pilots 119th tajeset Amos Amir Salmon, and Avraham, the day reached its fifth down. His second MiG-21
downed in the same battle and Abraham Gilad.
Unique night down to the end of the 25th April Amos Amir achieved when using missiles AIM-9E Sidewinder
bomber shot down an Egyptian Il-28
, Israel bombed a military facility at El-Aris. This target was shot down from another perspective. At that time the alarm starts the night catered units, armed F-4E Phantom
. Units of the Mirage
, while also kept the overnight cash, but the real start was so unlikely that the cash nor the pilots were usually dressed in flight gear. Fiat to launch sharp because he was so surprising that Amos Amir (commander of the unit!) Started in the clothing that was just wearing - shirt, shorts and sandals!
Three days later, 28 April 1970, the Sinai again penetrated several formations of MiG-17
with the intent to attack Israeli military posts. The cash Rephidim pair took off 119th tajeset Dror and Nir Yitzhak Haris, which saw four Su-7
, crossing the Suez Canal. Egyptians spotted the "Miraz"
threw a bomb load into the desert, divided into two pairs and turned back. Nir Harish with a pair of chased and both dry
shot down - Haris dose of the guns, Soviet rocket Nir R-3
. Nirova Mirage
number 79 was damaged by splinters from bombs Egyptian discarded.
15th May 1970 Deputy Commander of the 119th tajeset Asher Snir the six-altitude aerial combat in the treetops shot down a Syrian MiG-17
. This match is very engagingly describes himself in the book Ashes Snirem Flyers with a Star of David.
119th tajeset, led by the unit commander Amos Amir on 30 July 1970 attended by well-known trap for the Soviet pilots, in which one MiG-21
shot down and Avraham Asher Snir Salmon, which is another MiG
share it with Jephthah Spektor from the 101st tajeset.
The attrition battles of the war pilots 119th tajeset total of 38 Arab aircraft shot down, the price of one lost Mirage
. During the attrition war, reflected the full range of French arms embargo against Israel and Chel began Ha'Aviru sufficient supply of spare parts and the aircraft to operate all three units of the Mirage
. In October 1970, therefore, 119th tajeset Mirage gave all his one hundred and first and 117 tajeset and in the same month was converted to a new technique - U.S. fighter bombers F-4E Phantom II
, which received the name Israel Kurnass (sledgehammer).
First aerial victory Phantom
of the 119th tajeset reached 21st November 1972 Samuel Ben-ROM with your Aharon Katz, when shot down over the Golan Heights, Syrian MiG-21
Further aerial combat took place right at the beginning of the following year, 8 January 1972, when the Phantom
, attacking a Syrian radar station attacked by four Syrian MiG-21
. Pilots accompanying Phantom
119th tajeset four MiGs
shot down - two downed crew David Dror / Peri Nathan, one crew member Samuel Ben-Rom / Mordechai Ilan and Zvi Kanor / Zvi Tal.
The large air battle took place on 13 September 1973 the Syrian and Lebanese coasts. The day started four reconnaissance RF-4E
, two from the 69th and 119 tajeset a reconnaissance flight over northern Syria. After departing from the task four intruders flew Syrian MiG-21PF
from 54th squadron, which clashed with fighter escort aircraft - four Phantom
of the 107th tajeset
and eight Mirage
, four from the 101st and 117 tajeset. Meanwhile, the Syrians sent another into the air at least a dozen MiG-21PF
against which cash has been raised four Phantom
The 69th tajeset and two from the 119th tajeset. Meanwhile, as all exploration RF-4E
returned safely to base, the battle continued. One of the pilots reconnaissance RF-4E
119th tajeset, Moshe Melnik, so soon after landing changed for the fighter and led into battle the next couple of Phantom
In total, this encounter was shot down 12 Syrian MiG-21
lost in one of the Mirage
(Yossi Shimshon pilot was rescued by helicopter from the sea). The actual 119th tajeset in this contest score extended by another three victories - one Syrian MiG-21
downed crew Omri Afek / Chaim Katz, Rafael root / Shimshon Rozen and Moshe Melnik / Chaim Barkan.
It is just a pearl, even though the Israelis have lost this battle only one Mirage
, The Syrians in the battle claimed the destruction of eight Israeli aircraft and four MiG leader of the 54th Flight Captain Adib el-Gar was "the downing of two Phantom
"awarded the title Hero of the Republic.
But the hardest test yet to come ... Yom Kippur War
On Saturday 6 October 1973
at two o'clock in the evening, Egyptian and Syrian army invaded Israel. Arab armies that tried to emulate the success of Israel six years earlier, in addition to ground attack from the outset, operate large-scale air strikes against Israeli air bases and air defense resources in the Sinai.
From the very beginning of the war, pilots of the 119th tajeset primarily involved in events close to the battlefield isolation, suppression of enemy air defense and air strikes against enemy bases. Truly exceptional was the first day of the war, when all the fighters reflected waves nalétávajících Arab aircraft. The first of the 119th tajeset got into a fight with a pair of cash, the detached forward base Refidim Sinai. Head Moshe Melnik pair with your Zvi Tal missile shot down an unmanned AS-5, launched from the bomber Tu-16
, and subsequently fighter-bomber Su-7
. The Phantom
119th tajeset was made that day one more shot down (an Egyptian helicopter Mi-8
), but sat in his cabin crew 107th tajeset
(Ran Goren pilot and operator Joss YAR), who borrowed an airplane after their own Phantom
was landing on the base bombed Refidim DEPARTING damaged stones.
Second day of the war (October 7,
1973) Israeli Air Force launched an operation Tagar aimed (at least temporary) disposals of six major Egyptian air bases. The aim of Phantom
119th Mansour was tajeset base. Shortly after the formation odbombardování was attacked by Egyptian MiG-21
. After one MiG
downed crew Arnon Lapidot / Chaim Katz and Raphael root / Moshe Bartov.
The rest of the Phantom
is, together with the Skyhawk
, participated in strikes against the Egyptian anti-aircraft artillery.
On Monday 8 October,
most of the efforts of the Israeli Air Force had turned against the Syrian front, where it was now directly threatened by the state of Israel itself. All tajeset Phantom
that morning attacked four Syrian Air Force Base, 119th tajeset probably bombed, or base Chulchul Nazaríja.
In addition, the 119th tajeset of the bombed Syrian antiaircraft batteries in the Golan Heights.
Before noon on October 9
was a three tajeset Phantom
, including the 119th, entrusted with extremely important and daring mission - bombing Syrian Air Force headquarters building in Damascus. The event was attended by eight Phantom
Armed with conventional "iron" bombs. Despite unfavorable weather and a slight deviation in flight navigation to the goal, goal formation in the middle of Damascus found all deposed bombs engulfed and destroyed the upper floors of the building. Formation of the remaining units of action to break the bad weather and were diverted to other destinations. According to the testimony of captured Israeli pilots who were at that time held in the basement, Syrian officers were convinced that only the top floors of the destruction was deliberate, in order not to jeopardize the lives of five Israeli pilots. The attack was so surprising that air defense was not enough fire near Damascus. When the trip was shot down a Phantom
. Dov Sapir, while the pilot was killed and operator Jacob Jaakobi was captured. Second Phantom
was hit, but the pilot is burning engine could land safely at the base. Formation Commander Major Arnon Lapidot (Levošin) for this event after the war, Israel received the highest award for bravery "Q Ha'Gvura.
That same evening, a pair of Phantom
119th tajeset penetrated deep into Syrian area in order to find Iraqi expeditionary force, which according to intelligence information should move toward the Golan front. Against Phantomům
cash flew Syrian MiG-21
, one of which Omri Afek with your Zeev Zeevim shot down. Both Phantom
to return home intact.
On Wednesday 10 October Phantom
119th tajeset bombed Syrian air force base Blai, where they were attacked by Syrian MiG-21
. One of the MiGs
got into fights with manévrového phantom
, piloted by Moshe Melnik. Shortly after Syrian aircraft had lost control of his control and fell.
Information on the activities of the 119th Combat tajeset 11th October
is not known. 12th
119th aircraft tajeset again bombed a Syrian air base Blai for six hours and dismantled.
Similar events also took place the morning on 13th October,
the 119th tajeset bombed Syrian air base Chulchul and again the base Blai.
Until that date, the 119th tajeset from the beginning of the war lost three Phantom
and six crew members (three killed, three captured).
On Sunday 14 October,
after he collapsed in the Egyptian Sinai on the offensive, the Israeli Air Force conducted an extensive base of attack against the Egyptian Tanta, Egypt has been home to the 41st squadron of MiG-21PFM
Libyan and two squadrons of Mirage 5
. For the blow through three tajeset Phantom
. First, two hundred and first eight aircraft tajeset for distraction, five minutes after half-past three this afternoon conducted a strike against the nearby Mansour base that housed the Egyptian elite 45th and 46 squadron, armed MiG-21MF
. Five minutes after six Phantom
119th tajeset led by unit commander Eliezer Prigatem with your Aharon Katz, attacked air defense resources in the ants and then attacked a formation of two six- 107th tajeset
. The result of the attack were excluded Tanto a full 24 hours. After odbombardování the way home tried unpleasant Egyptian MiG-21
, but after it attacked a root with Rafael operator Rachaminem Sofer, Egyptian swerved so sharply that the aircraft lost control and fell.
On Monday 15 October
at a quarter to twelve this afternoon Phantom
119th tajeset, led by Major Asher Snirem with your lieutenant Aharon Katz, Tanta raid on the base again. The scenario was similar to the previous day, with the only difference is that the "bat" as the other two hundred and first attacking formation tajeset. This action however, did not work as smoothly as the day before. Before reaching the Egyptian coast, one of the Phantom
had to return the fuel system failure. Approaching the target was a Phantom
hit with rocket-125m Neva. Benjamin Livne pilot successfully ejected and was captured, but only twenty weapons systems operator Rahamin Sofer died. The return trip was attacked by two formations addition, MiG-21
. In the ensuing aerial combat was one of the MiGs shot down Snirem Asher. The contest was launched on the R-3 (AA-2 Atoll)
hit another Phantom
, but his pilot Omri Afek with the damaged wing was able to return to Tel Nov.
Information on the activities of the 119th Combat tajeset 16th October
is not known, but generally units Phantom
in the day attacked the Egyptian anti-aircraft batteries at Port Said and bombed strategic targets in Syria.
On Wednesday, 17 October Phantom
119th tajeset provide air cover for the 69th tajeset who bombed three bridges north of Latakia in Syria. In the area there were two air fights with Syrian MiG-21
, in which two MiGs were shot down. First downing Moshe Melnik reached with the operator Lior Elazar, the second MIGA
Melnik return to share it with Asher Snirem. 18th October,
the attention units Phantom
returned to the Arab air bases. Pilots of the 119th tajeset bombed the base Calcio (Tsalchiya) to ground are deployed MiG-21
that could not intervene against Phantomům
69th and 201 tajeset, attacking air defense sites in Kantare.
Information on the activities of the 119th Combat tajeset 19th October
is not known.
On Saturday 20 October
119th tajeset provide close air support of ground forces west of the Suez Canal. At this event, the surface-to-air missile downed Phantom
, piloted by Oded Moshe Sagi with your University.
In the Sunday, the 21st October Israeli forces
launched an operation Kinoach,
whose aim was to re-occupy a strategic observation posts on Mount Hermon, which was the first day of the war in Syrian hands. Helicopter landing and infantry attack from the air cover Phantom
119. and 201 tajeset. Two 119th Phantom Patrol tajeset crews Nachum Merkava / Mordechai Ilan and Daniel Guri / Benjamin Zvi while Syria had shot down one MiG-21
Information on the activities of the 119th Combat tajeset 22nd October
is not known, but generally units Phantom
of the attacking ground targets and air defense sites along the Egyptian front.
On Wednesday 23 October,
the lake held a bitter dogfight last Yom Kippur War. Its main participants were the pilots of the 119th Gideon tajeset Seffer and Moshe Melnik, who shot down one Egyptian MiG-21
. Moshe Melnik is also down by Israeli fighter became the seventh ace of the Phantom
(Melnik in June 1979 became the first pilot in the world, which reached down to the F-15
On Wednesday 24 October
at noon came into force a ceasefire agreement on both fronts. During the Yom Kippur War, the 119th pilots tajeset flew over 900 combat missions and achieved victories in the loss of sixteen five F-4E
. At least four crew members perished, at least four others were captured. The ratio of sorties to the loss was 185:1. 1973-1992
After the war, it is time to replace combat losses. Some loss of technology have been completed during the war supplies Phantom
of the withdrawn troops from the USAF, but many suffered numerous fighter aircraft for damage and wear. In 1974, therefore the number of Phantom
by new supplies from the United States (48 units - half new, half used).
Tensions on both borders, continued after the war. On 6 December 1973 with the formation of four mixed Phantom
(two from the 69th and 119th tajeset) clashed over the Suez Gulf with four MiG-21
, flown by North Koreans. In the ensuing fight was shot down two MiGs
, one of which extended the 119th Account tajeset.
After 1973 the situation in the Arab-Israeli border for several years and calmed down after the signing of a peace agreement at Camp David incidents on the Egyptian-Israeli border virtually ceased. Another situation was on the border with Syria and Lebanon, which is the result of the civil war was not only a city of Palestinian terrorists, but also a foothold Syrian army. Since 1979, the situation in this area started to deteriorate and the battle between Israeli and Syrian fighters were again almost on a daily basis. Brunt of the aerial battles but this time was no longer drive, armed fighters F-15
. Last day of 1980 reached 119th tajeset far last real shot down. Two Phantom
119th tajeset in a joint patrol with two F-15 133rd tajeset clashed over Lebanon with Syrian MiG-21
. The result of battle were shot down two MiGs
, one had a half share of the pilot 119th tajeset Ran Granot, the operator Zvi Erlich.
In June 1982, the Phantom
119. tajeset participated in security operations Ha'Galil Shalom
in southern Lebanon. Such as 9 June entity Phantom
took part in Operation Artzav
whose objective was the systematic liquidation of the Syrian air defense batteries in the valley woodrush. Within a few hours to cancel three Syrian air defense brigade, destroyed 15 anti-aircraft missile batteries and the remaining four damaged.
in south Lebanon and carried out strikes against training camps and positions of Palestinian terrorists.
119. tajeset was the main tactical reconnaissance unit Ha'Aviru Chel
, and since 1964, when it received the first two exploratory Mirage
The first reconnaissance Phantom RF-4E
unit ended in January 1971 and subsequent years, the 119th tajeset carried out many reconnaissance flights over the surrounding Arab countries.
In one of the reconnaissance flight was 9 November 1973 Egypt-to-air missile hit the RF-4E
number 194th Its pilot, Captain Gideon Seffer, had a height of 15,000 meters at a speed of 1.7M and an ambient temperature of -60 ° C to eject and was captured. Navigator Captain Ofer Cidon, however, perished.
In late 1975 and 1976 received the 119th tajeset three reconnaissance RF-4E (S)
, used for strategic reconnaissance. On one such mission to third January 1982, RF-4E (S)
with a crew Gideon Seffer / Yuval Naveh, fought in Iraq with Iraqi Mige-21
, which crashed after fuel exhaustion.
Since 1989 he became the original F-4E
119th tajeset replaced by an upgraded variant Kurnass 2000th The exchange was completed in early 1992. The nineties and the present
Already in the nineties, it was clear that over twenty years old Phantom
and modernize outdated Kurnass 2000 their departure from the scene just delayed. In 2004, therefore, 119th tajeset was (as the second unit) converted to the latest attack the F-16I Sufa
With the new aircraft to the 119th tajeset in June to August 2006 participated in the last two major events of the Israeli armed forces, Operation Summer Rain
in Gaza Operation Just Reward
in southern Lebanon. Detailed information about deploying units are not known. The only exception is information about the loss of the aircraft the F-16I
No. 489, which at the start of combat flight burst tire. Both pilots bailed ejection. It was the only loss of jet aircraft in the campaign. References: Book: Aloni, Shlomo - Arab-Israeli wars from 1947 to 1982, Osprey, 2001
Aloni, Shlomo - Israeli Mirage and Nesher Aces, Osprey, 2004
Aloni, Shlomo - Israeli F-4 Phantom II Aces, Osprey, 2004
Aloni, Shlomo - Israel Air Force 107 Squadron, AirDOC, 2005
Aloni, Shlomo - The June 1964 Six-Day War, VolumeA: Operation Focus IsraDecal Publications, 2008
Merav Halperin, Lapidot, Aharon - Airmen with the Star of David, our troops, 1991
Hellebrand, Karel, Radin, Vladislav - Israeli Air Force, World of Wings, 1994
Herzog, Chaim - The War of Atonement, Baronet, 2005
Katz, Samuel - The Shield of David, Concord, 1994
Nicolle, David Cooper, Tom - Arab MiG-19 and MiG-21 Units in Combat Osprey, 2004
Petz, Daniel, Hellebrand, Karel - Israeli Aircraft in detail part one, WWP no.13, 2000
Petz, Daniel, Hellebrand, Karel - Israeli Aircraft in detail part two, WWP No. 17, 2001
Recco of the Rhinos Ha'Avir Heyl, Tuxedo Trails
Stafrace, Charles - Arab Air Forces Squadron Signal, 1994 Magazines: Aloni, Shlomo - With a Shablool L + K 3 / 2006
Aloni, Shlomo - Summer Rain and Just Reward, L + C 10/2006
Balous, Miroslav - Sud-Aviation Vautour SO.4050, L + C 4 / 2004
Ephratah, Yoav - The Israeli Air Force Scale Aircraft Modelling
Klein, Andreas - Peace Jack Phantoms, Smoke Trails Volume 15/Number 1
Mace, John - Kurnassy over Israel, L + K 25-26/2001
Mace, John - Black Mirage L + K 15-16/2001
Mace, John - The Six Day War, L + C 15-16, 17/2002
Petz, Daniel - French fighter aircraft to Israel, HPM 3 / 1993
Petz, Daniel - Meteor Israel, GOM 5 / 1992
Petz, Daniel - Phantom of the Star of David, PKR 13/1993
Petz, Daniel - Development of the Israeli Air Force cover-up, L + K 25 26 / 1991
Petz, Daniel Smyr, Francis - Mirage with a Star of David, PKR 14/1993
Petz, D., Smyr, Fr. Prayer, Zd. - Air Force Jordan APKR 59, 60/1997
Radin, Vladislav - Operation Branch, APKR 48/1996
Salajka Martin - Mr Nori Harel of the Israeli Air Force, L + C 23/1994
Smyr, Francis - Wings over Suez in 1956, PKR 27-31/1994
Smyr, Francis, Prayer, Zdenek - Air Force Egypt APKR 49-52/1996
Smyr, Francis, Prayer, Zdenek - Air Force Syria APKR 54, 55/1996
Watson, Simon - Israel's Air Force 50 years, L + C 19/1998 Web site:
http://www.scramble.nl Captions for photographs: The first picture is the 119th pilots tajeset in January 1968:
Rear left: Avi Ben-Nun, Yitzhak Golan, Uri YAR, Ran Ronen, Ilan Haiti, and Eitan Reuven Rozen Karma.
Front left: Asher Snir, Keinan Baruch, Shlomo Egozi, Arnon Lapidot (Levošin), Omri Afek and Nir Yitzhak. The first picture is the 119th pilots tajeset in January 1970:
From left: Asher Snir, Itzhak Nir, Mickey Katz, Avraham Gilad, Amos Sachar, Salmon, Avraham, Amos Amir and Reuven Rozen.
119a.jpgZnak 119. tajeset piloti 119 leden 1970.JPGPiloti 119. tajeset na fotografii z ledna 1970: piloti 119 leden 1968.JPGPiloti 119. tajeset na snímku z ledna 1968: