Zinaida Portnova m. - guerilla rozvědčice
The hero of the Soviet Union-"pioněrka"
She was born 20. February 1926 in Leningrad, where he ended a ten-year school. Her father and mother worked in the Kirovském race. In June 1941 travelled on summer holidays, together with the younger sister of Galjou to his grandmother in the village of Zuje in the district. On the way by train, not far from the objective-to the station in Obolsku, the war
Zina comparatively with other refugees, but joined to the Lenin ’s Komsomol underground organization "Young revenge business" in the Obolsku, led by komsomolkou E Zeňkovou.
. Together with them in the spring of 1942, participated in the diverzních actions against rail, power plant and flax. Then was responsible for that infiltrated the German officers ' dining room, where disguised as a waitress she poisoned rat poison, wiping out entire lunch, and the local headquarters of the German crew. Occupiers in response to this action started in the town of terror, and illegal organization "Young Avengers" cut to pieces. Zině managed to flee in August 1943 to partisans. Through training, embraced trophy German submachine gun and became rozvědčicí guerilla section. For less than a month since his arrival to guerillas who participated in the first combat action. When the local German crew kosila fire of confusing the Germans after their partisans from her group fire barracks and blew up the warehouse guns. Commander suggested Zinu held to courage in the fight to the Of the Red Star
. Or in several other events, which participated in during October and November the submachine gun had not been idle.
In December 1943, she got from the Commander of the task to try to establish a connection with the surviving members of the Organization "Young revenge business" in Obolsku. Zina went to the town of unarmed and giving local was detained on by the Gestapo
return trip and has been converted to the local exam. During questioning, she managed to pick up from the table nearest gun and then shot two men with the room. Then jumped out the window at the Court of Justice, where the precise shot passed the guard and fled toward the River. There should wait for the other members of the group. But she was hit in the leg and dostižena their pursuers. You took on the main exam of the Gestapo to Vitebsk, where he were subjected to torture, told members of the Organization "Young" the revenge business, who are still hiding in the Obolsku. Zina, however, was silent and refused to communicate. In one movement for interrogation unsuccessfully attempted suicide leap under the truck. Despite all efforts, the Gestapo could not break the girl and she was 13. January 1944 executed.
Zina Portnova, after the war, has become a term, its name was pronounced with respect. Was given for the model of the Soviet pionýrům, who named it after his organization and its portraits of arranging their school was devoted to articles, books, and consisted of her verses. July 1, 1958 Zině Portnové granted the title of Hero of the USSR
im memoriam as heroine - "pioněrce". The problem was that Zina already in 1943 Komsomol
entered into, and yet that it was in the partisan section of the youngest, at the time of his death, she was almost eighteen years. It was for years harboured, in order to affect the pionýrská legend.
In Russia and Belarus, after it named many streets. On the highway between the towns of Vitebskem and Opolskem of its monument and one of the ships of the Russian maritime commercial fleet still bears her name.