Badge of the Austrian militia in 1908:
Dedicated to the memory of Paul Patejdla
Branná duty Austrian monarchy was divided into the three-year service in the ranks in the army, and two years of service in the zemněbraně.Outside of this very active service, had been envisaged at the time of threat to the State with the establishment of the militia, which should be subject to all the men before military service (from 7 pm to 21let), and after removal of the so called second backup challenges.Only in 1889 was issued a new law on the introduction of the militia as a standing military force, which, inter alia, decided to set up domobranecké formation and in times of peace to the district commanders domobraneckým.This law has matched the're requirement of Austrian politics, but not enthusiastically accepted the broad not the Austrian public. This law also counted with the transfer of ostrostřeleckých to the vojenky organized and managed services.These councils ostrostřelců, however, always considered exclusively self-regulatory organisations, voluntary and subsidized from member contributions and also with considerable national focus, in particular in the Czech lands and a deeper interest in the celorakouské military problems.Therefore also of the ostrostřeleckých Corps was not demonstrated nor interest in, and the willingness of the new domonraneckému law subject.
Upcoming political events, however, forced the crisper procedure the Vienna Ministry of zeměbrany and finally, in the course of the year 1906 ostrostřelecké Corps oficielně vyjídřily, thus the law on the establishment of militia, and I do and also its statutes this law přízpůsobí.Also Emperor Franz Jisef I, as a reward for these newly commissioned by the domobraneckým brigades, on the occasion of the anniversary of his over the Government in 1908, based on these abory badge for the militia. Period člkánek in the magazine Weiner Zeitung says enthusiastically "
In order to reward a visible sign of Njvyššího in recognition of the scope of the noble Union planted with forest in the domobraneckých Corps presently his Majesty to his 60letému restive in the dominating jubileu base its decision of 26 November 1908 badge and approve conception of law, which says: Honorary badges are called "
Badge for multi-year membership for a good domobraneckého of the Congregation.
The sets are of two categories and that for 25 years and under 40 years of membership. Podmínjkou for the granting of honorary badge, for which the provisions of paragraph 6 shall apply fully. Act of 15 November 1867, is outside the General merit, at least a 25-year, 40leté meritorious and active membership for a Department of c.k. zeměbrany subject to domobraneckého, which corresponds to the relevant legislation from 1889 on the militia.Entitlement to the badge, which will be udělová, without distinction of rank and status, the budíž headquarters of the Corps with the relevant evidence was submitted to the District Office at the headquarters of the Corps.Entitlement and badge admits c.k., the Defense Ministry.
By the end of the year 1910 gradually Corps burgher ostřostřeleckých Association in the Czech lands have changed their statutes and at the same time as the name "c.k. měštanský choir shooting", and so everything was ready, that could be the first awards ceremony of newly-established badge for multi-year membership. On this occasion were also permanently allocated as follows the newly organised government system střeleckým Corps rifles with bayonets Wendl. For example, c.k. Priv.edb choir shooting in Pilsen has granted for 40letou service 4 and for the 25letou service 30 honorary badges. Vintage report noted that the granting of the badge was in August 1911, accompanied by a lavish Festival, since it was an event in the Forum of its kind was actually the first. The demise of the monarchy was the Pilsen firearms Forum granted a total of 12 honorary badges for the 40letou service and 40 honorary odznakůl for the 25letou service.
Honorary badge was the Bronze Medal with a diameter of 35 mm, not-so-stylish, eye on the typical Austrian triangular Ribbon (see figure). On the front side of the Medal for 25 years, are the initials of FJI, a group of the Imperial Crown, and a copy of "CONSTANTIA ET PATRIA AMORI" (perseverance, and love for the homeland).On the reverse side is a double-headed Imperial Eagle with the words QUINGUE LUSTRA. Medal of 40let differs from the previous, převýšená on the obverse a small Imperial double-headed eagle, one-way-pressed on whose back wall eye medal. The front page is the same as the previous described Medal (see picture) on the reverse side is the inscription OCTO LUSTRA with Laurel sprays.
These medals, whose presence is already relatively sparse, are overlooked by collectors nezasvěcenými, which also supports itself is not too strong and pretty printing, but it is on the contrary, proof of age and history of the favored měštanských Corps ostrostřeleckých.
Lustrum of the lat is the five-year period. Quingue and acto are ordinals indicating five and eight. Therefore Quingue lustra indicates five five-year period, that is 25 years. Octo, eight five-year period, lustra indicates, that is, 40 years.
V. Měřička, Austria: the Austrian-Hungarian military and civil, and commemorative medals, l., 1974
Badge of the Austrian militias from the year 1908
Archive of the author, the medals from the collection of Altmann