Tayeset 119 "Ha'Atalef"
119. squadron "Bat"
WITH NETOPÝREM IN-CHARACTER
History 119. squadron of the israeli air force
119. squadron is one of the most successful units of the israeli air force Chel Ha'avir. Pilots 119. squadrons have completed many of the aerial battles, in which shot down nearly a hundred arab aircraft and dozens of other destroyed on the ground. Have made many hundreds of bombing missions, which successfully destroyed the arab anti-aircraft batteries, air bases, terrorist training camps and headquarters of the syrian air force in the center of Damascus. A number of pilots during his tenure with 119. squadron became the-line aces. For these achievements but also paid a high price – at least ten members of the unit in the defence of the State of Israel have laid down their lives. Here is their story...
the Formation of the units
119. squadron was established in September 1956 at the base of Ekron (now Tel Nov) as a fighter unit for every the weather. The weapons have become the three british jet-powered night fighter Gloster Meteor NF.13 and flying staff formed a single crew.
Already, less than two months after its inception the 119. squadron received the rights and obligations of the first, albeit unofficial and secret, the actions of the sinai war. In the night of 29. October 1956 pilot Jehoaš Cidon with the radar operator Elijašivem Brošem 200 kilometers to the south of Cyprus had shot down an egyptian Il-14, on whose board of meetings in Damascus, returns to Cairo sixteen senior officers of the egyptian general staff. Death, however, escaped the chief of the egyptian general staff, which was returning on a later plane. The egyptian supreme command but even so suffered the loss, which a few hours before the start of the war, it was not possible to replace.
Themselves combat actions are the only crew 119. squadron did not attend. Conducted several night the alarm starts against penetrating the egyptian current tactical fighters Il-28,but to avoid contact with the enemy. For example, at night on the 31. October crew Cidon/Broš conduct a four unsuccessful alarm take-offs against the egyptian tactical fighters.
1957 to 1967
As a result the sinai war, the british government imposed a embargo on the remaining three the Meteors NF.13 (how hypocritical when we realize that the israeli actions were with Britain and France coordinated) and Israel, which jet fighter for all-weather craved, had to look elsewhere. A suitable type was found, where else, than in France, and has been SNCAO Vautour IIN, which has been ordered by the seven pieces and already in march 1958 were the first of the four Vautour to 119. squadron supplied. Following the delivery of the British embargo immediately loosen (about to feel one of the last chances to sell then already obsolete aircraft) and the remaining three the Meteors NF.13 in April 1958 delivered (one aircraft arrived in France, crashed and was used only as a source of spare parts).
Already in August 1963, however, the unit all of your the Meteors and Vautour forwarded the 110. squadron and launched overkill on the Mirage IIICJ, which was completed in march 1964.
The first combat encounter "Miráží" 119. squadron occurred 13. November 1966. On that day, the unit Cahalu (Cva Haganah L'israel – the Israeli defense force) carry out the operation against the training camp of the palestinian terrorists in Jordan. The israeli forces were attacked during the operation of a pair of jordan Hunterů. The place was called patrol Mirage 119. squadron and after osmiminutovém aerial combat commander of the squadron Ran Ronen one of the Hunterů shot down. It was the third victory in the history of the type series Mirage.
To increase the deployment occurred during the so-called "war on water" in April of 1967, when syrian artillery bombarding the construction of irrigation channels in the border areas of northern Israel. To the defense of the northern kibuců was 7. April 1967 deployed air force – Ouragany, Mystery and Vautour to attack the syrian batteries, while the Mirage 101., 117. and 119. squadron providing aerial cover.
The encounter occurred eight minutes before the fourth hour of the afternoon. A pair of Mirage 119. squadron, which pilotovali major Ran Ronen and captain Avraham Salmon, utkala with a pair of syrian Mig-21. Ran Ronen after taking firing positions launched a rocket Šafrir, but MiG just missed, without being exploded. After the Syrian with the afterburner tried to escape. Ronen detonated the second Šafrir, which, however, the pilot Mig vymanévroval. Dvousekundové dose of Ronenovi Mirage already, but did not escape and from explodujícího Mig had to bail out.
Avraham Salmon, meanwhile, attacked on the second MiG. Both missiles Šafrir, detonated from a distance of 1000 and 700 metres, traditionally have failed and therefore at a distance of 400 metres opened fire from cannons. Syrian was a few missiles hit, but the Salmon was for lack of fuel forced the battle to break off and damaged the MiG returned back to base.
At half past four in the afternoon was in the same area detected the presence of four syrian Mig-21, to which they have been mislead into undertaking two pairs of Mirage, after the one from the 117. and 119. squadrons. "One hundred devatenáctou" in this encounter represent the major Mordecai Ješurun and captain Oded Sagee. To encounter, however, ultimately did not happen, because of the Mig taken care of pilots 117. squadrons.
the six-day war
From the beginning of the year 1967 were aggressive plans of the arab countries towards Israel increasingly evident. 14. may entered the egyptian army into the demilitarized zone in the Sinai, and here placed the armies of the united nations forced the download. In addition, 22. may Egypt blocked the Tiránskou strait for all shipping bound for the israeli port of Eilat. These acts were a flagrant breach of the ceasefire agreement, concluded in 1956, despite the fact that the preparations for war the arab armies clearly showed that the other arab aggression is only a matter of time.
On the basis of the decision by the israeli government because the israeli air force on Monday, 5. June 1967 has launched a preventive strike against the air forces of the surrounding arab countries and 119. squadron was, of course, in which:
the First wave:
At 7.50 pm the four Mirage (formation 119/5, call sign Apartment) attack on the egyptian base Inšás, where bombed the take-off runway and in the subsequent průletech on the ground destroyed the 4 to 5 Mig-21.
The crew: no 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 58), no. 2 Shlomo Egozy (Mirage 32), no. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 20), no. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 43).
Take-off at 7.24 landing 8.25 pm
Formation should properly start already in 7.19, but due to an error in the documents to take off about 5 minutes late. The commander of the formation, Ran Ronen get this error realized in the moment when he saw the start of the four Vautourů, which, according to the schedule should take off until after the formation of the Apartment. The formation, therefore, immediately took off and flew all the way at the speed of 420 knots (778 km/h) instead of the planned 360 (667 km/h) and accelerated to 540 (1000 km/h) knots earlier than planned. The delay of the formation compared to one minute before reaching the target.
At 8.00 pm the four Mirage (formation 119/6, call sign 'Lintel') attack on the egyptian base Cairo-West, where 500 kg bombs, bombed the take-off runway and on the earth, they destroyed one bomber (Tu-16 or Il-28), the two Mig-21 and two Mig-17. Number 2 in the first raid failed to drop the bombs and therefore odbombardoval up in the subsequent průletech.
The crew: no 1, Oded Sagee (Mirage 80), no. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 68), no. 3 eelan hight (Mirage 79), no. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 19).
The take-off of 7.27, landing at 8.26 pm
In 8.55 four Mirage (formation 119/7, the call sign of the Gutter) again attacked the Cairo-West, where bombed the take-off runway 16/34 and then conduct a three průlety, in which shelled the standing of the aircraft and the airport building. The number 4 at the same time engaged in the photographic documentation of the base (just from him come the familiar images of the burning of bombers Tu-16).
In one of the passes was a number 3 hit in the rear of the fuel tank. Due to the subsequent leakage of fuel of the aircraft over Gaza there was fuel, but by reuven Rozen with the aircraft managed to land safely at the base of Hatzor.
The crew: no 1 Ja'akov Agassi (Mirage 78), no. 2 Omri Afek (Mirage 41), no. 3 by reuven Rozen (Mirage 83), no. 4 Ehud Šelach (Mirage 85).
Take-off at 8.17 landing 9.30 pm
Each unit Mirage in addition to the strikes against the bases left in the country two cash couples, equipped for aerial combat. During the first wave was cash pair 119. squadron, consisting of Ejtanem Karmim and Giorou Rom, hoisted and george over the base of the Abu Sueir, where the egyptian Mig-21 attempted to attack the attacking israeli aircraft. Karmi and Rom after two MiGách shot down.
the Second wave:
Four Mirage (call sign Apartment) bombed the egyptian base Abu Sueir and in the subsequent průletech destroyed four bombers Il-28.
Number two because of their false switching of the weapon system on the mode of the air-to-air neodbombardoval. After returning to the base of the pilot found that the two 500kg bombs are in place, but on the contrary, no one anti-aircraft missile Šafrir.
The crew: no 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 43), no. 2 Baruch Keinan (Mirage 20), no. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 58), no. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 32).
Take-off at 9.35 landing at 10.27 am
Four Mirage (call sign 'Lintel') attack on the egyptian base el-Minja, where bombed the take-off runway on earth, they destroyed six to eight Il-14.
The crew: no 1, Oded Sagee (Mirage 79), no. 2 Shlomo Egozy (Mirage 19), no. 3 eelan hight (Mirage 80), no. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 68).
Take-off at 9.48, landing at 11.14 am
A pair of Mirage carried out a reconnaissance flight over the base Inšás, where the conduct photographic documentation. During the return flight the pair came to a flock of storks, of which one was sucked into the engine numbers 2 and caused his arrest. The Pilot, however, managed to start the engine again and land safely at the base. The aircraft was repaired and the following morning was again in the air.
The crew: no 1 Moti Ješurun (Mirage IIIBJ no. 87), no. 2 Uri Jeari (Mirage IIICJ(R) no 85).
Take-off at 10.55 landing at 11.58 pm
In the 12.30 pm four Mirage (call sign Apartment) attack on the egyptian base Gardaka, where on earth have destroyed eight the Mig-17 and one helicopter Mi-6. During the attack were attacked by twenty-three (!) egyptian the Mig-19 and -21. Ran Ronen in aerial combat shot down two the Mig-19, the third shot down the young lieutenant Arnon Lapidot (at that time, he flew the Mirage only half a year). Four Mig havarovaly while attempting to land on the damaged runway, and for the remaining sixteen, the Aircraft crashed after running out of fuel, when they tended to be traversed on the northern base. All of the Mirage in order to return to the home base.
The crew: no 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 78), no. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 20), no. 3 by reuven Rozen (Mirage 43), no. 4 Baruch Keinan (Mirage 32).
Take-off at 11.35 landing 12.48 up at 12.59 pm)
At a time when it was in the air the second wave, penetrated into the israeli airspace several syrian the Mig-17 and -21 and jordan Hunterů, that tried attacking various targets in Israel. The air was hoisted cash pair 119. squadron and Oded Sagee one Hunter shot down. The second pilot in the air force two PLŘS Šafrir on the other Hunter, but not one did not (the first generation of Šafrirů was very unreliable and the target has hit just about every fifteenth rocket; during the six-day war, even target has not intervened even one hit Šafrir).
the Third wave:
Four Mirage (call sign Floor) attacked the jordanian base H-5 at Ammánn (Prince Hassan AB), where the 500kg bombs, bombed the take-off runway 06/24 and in the subsequent průletech shelled on the ground, the aircraft and the control tower. Number 1 because of the mistaken switch the weapon system on the mode of the air-to-air neodbombardoval and bombs threw up on the flight back.
The main objective should be the egyptian base Gardaka and only for the flight was the formation redirected to Amman.
The crew: no 1 Avraham Salmon (Mirage 07), no. 2 Omri Afek (Mirage 79), no. 3 Ja'akov Agassi (Mirage 41), no. 4 Menachem Shmul (Mirage 68).
Take-off at 12.15 landing at 13.37 hrs
the Fourth wave:
Four Mirage (call sign Fence) attacked syrian base T-4, where bombed the take-off runway and in the subsequent průletech on earth, destroying several aircraft. When the raid was the formation by two syrian Mig-21, which were shot down by Giora Rom and Asher Snir. Because of the low status of fuel had to Giora Rom land in Ramat David.
The crew: no 1 Eitan Karmi (Mirage 68), no. 2 Giora Rom (Mirage 43), no. 3 Eliezer Prigat (Mirage 20), no. 4 Asher Snir (Mirage 32).
The main objective of the formation was the egyptian base Inšás and its commander, Ran Ronen, but just before take-off was the formation retracted back into the zodolněných shelters, where she was notified of the change of target on the syrian T-4. Rana Ronena in the cockpit was replaced by Eitan Karmi and the call sign of the formation was changed from the Apartment on the Fence.
Take-off at 15.14, landing 16.14 pm
A few minutes later on the T-4 attacked the other trinity Mirage (call sign 'Lintel'). Just before reaching the target with the formation got into fights with two Mig-21, which eventually were shot down by pilots of the formation of the Fence. After odbombardování made a few flybys, in which shelled on the ground, the aircraft. Together the formation of the Fence and the 'Lintel' of the country, they destroyed nine syrian aircraft.
Originally, it was the formation of four-member, but by reuven Rozen had to for technical reasons, the mission of the interrupt before take-off.
The original target was a syrian base Damyr, but after about 100 km of the flight was the formation redirected to the T-4.
The crew: no 1, Oded Sagee (Mirage 79), no. 2 Ehud Šelach (Mirage 58), no. 3 Menachem Shmul (Mirage 78).
Take-off at 15.18, landing at 16.20 hrs
the Fifth wave:
Four Mirage (call sign Apartment) attacked the international airport in Cairo, where bombed the take-off runway, without the usual subsequent flybys with the bombardment of aircraft or buildings.
The crew: no 1 Ran Ronen (Mirage 41), no. 2 Arnon Lapidot (Mirage 07), no. 3 eelan hight (Mirage 58), no. 4 Itamar Neuner (Mirage 20).
Take-off at 17.10 landing 18.15 hrs
A few tens of minutes later, another pair of Mirage appeared over cairo international airport and throwing bombs with delayed fervour. The aim was to disrupt the night-time operations at the airport.
The crew: no 1 Moti Ješurun (Mirage 79), no. 2 Avraham Salmon (Mirage 78).
Take-off 17.47, landing at 18.50 hrs
The first day of the six-day war, the pilots of 119. squadron made 70 combat missions and air battles, shot down ten of the arab aircraft without a single loss. His first three victories, of a total of five, that day was lieutenant Giora Rom, later the most successful israeli ace of the six-day war. The head of ace on Mirage was after the first day of the war the commander of the 119. squadron major Ran Ronen with four victories.
In the Tuesday 6. June in the morning of the egyptian fighter-bombers Su-7 attempted to attack israeli ground troops in the Sinai. Against them stood up Mirage 101. and 119. squadron, and the result was the shooting down of five Su, one of which went to the account 119. squadrons.
Later on that same day was dvoučlenná patrol 119. squadron (pilots Uri Jeari and Ithamar Neuner), together with the patrol 101. squadron, the reporter towards Port Said, where was the presence of two egyptian Mig-19. The second of the Mig has become the premiere an for Uri Jeariho.
Roughly at the same time to the south, over the mountain Djebel Mara, a pair 119. squadron Oded Sagee and Omri Afek met with four other , the Mig-19, of which Sagee and Afek one by one destroyed.
From the third day of the war, there were 119. squadron entrusted primarily to the mission for vybojování air superiority and air defense of Israel.
In the middle of the 7. June was at Bir Džafdžafy formation Super Mystery 105. squadron in an attack on ground targets attacked by a group of egyptian the Mig-17. The place přivolaná trojčlenná patrol Mirage 119. squadron (Mordecai Ješurun, Giora Rom and Avraham Salmon, two Mig removed. Both took care of lieutenant Giora Rom, who thus became not only the first fighter ace on the Mirage , but also the first israeli fighter ace at all.
On the fourth day of the war (of8. June), the pilots of 119. squadron continued to patrol over the years Sinají, where the egyptian activity slowly lulls. There have been several air combat, in which the above Romani Avraham Salmon shot down two and Menachem Shmul one MiG-19.
In the afternoon four of the egyptian Mig-17, covered four Mig-21 attacked israeli troops in el-Aríše. The place is next to a pair of Mirage from the 101. squadron, came and the pair 119. squadron Avraham Salmon and by reuven Rozen, which one of MiG-17 shot down. Rozen then still unsuccessfully attacked the bomber Il-28.
At the same time near the patrol the next pair 119. squadron Jaakov Agassi and Menachem Shmul, which Il-28 snagged and shelling Šmulových guns already egyptian bomber did not escape. The pair then turned to the west to jane the rest of the Iljušiny, but then was attacked by four Mig-21, of which Shmul one shot down.
On Friday, 9. June , the activity of the egyptian air force already low and the pilots 119. squadron got only one air combat, when Asher Snir and eelan hight chased two egyptian Mig-17, attacking the israeli ground units. Snir shot down two Migs, while the Haitovi for the pitch Mirage the number of the 55 again stuck cannons. This Mirage it was seen as almost a prokletou – in any aerial combat stuck cannons and moreover twice due to technical glitches islander (10.10.1968 and 04.03.1971), while the two pilots (Samuel Ben-Rom and Jermijahu Kejdar) were seriously injured.
On Saturday, 10. June entry into force of the ceasefire agreement. A total of 20 pilots 119. squadrons for the six-day war, has carried out a total of 316 combat missions (IDF/AF officially shows 346 missions) and in the loss of one aircraft shot down 24 arab aircraft and other destroyed on the ground. 119. squadron thus became the most successful unit of the six-day war. Most of the missions, nineteen, made Ran Ronen, Uri Jeari and Oded Sagee.
1967 to 1973
The six-day war may be over, but the encounter between the israeli and egyptian aircraft was soon again on the order of the day.
The first "post-war" kills 119. squadron has already, less than a month after the end of the six-day war 8. July of 1967, when Avihu Ben-Nun shot down an egyptian MiG-21.
About seven days later, 15. July, was a group of four Mirage 119. squadron in the exploratory flight over Egypt was attacked by several Mig. Pilots 119. squadron this time, on account of getting even five kills egyptian fighters – two Mig-17 shot down by Asher Snir and after one Mig-21 then Ran Ronen, Eliezer Prigat and Avihu Ben-Nun. MiG, sestřelený Ronenem, was the first intervention, educational PLŘS Šafrir and Ronen is this an became the second israeli fighter ace.
Avihu Ben-Nun the third time he scored in the poplachovém boot 10. October 1967 and his victims became one of the four egyptian Mig-21, which leaked over the Israelis controlled the Sinai.
During the six-day war, israeli troops in the sinai base Bir Džafdžafa ensure a few dozen soviet anti-aircraft guided missile R-3 (AA-2 Atoll) and nine delivery vehicles lyžin. In the tests has been found of their compatibility with the weapon system Mirage and the parameters and properties comparable with AIM-9B Sidewinder. Soviet missiles were therefore at the end of the year 1967 included into the routine of the arms 119. squadron, which is used until 1970.
The year 1968 is bypassed without any combat actions and account 119. squadron of the year nezvětšilo. To encounter again started up from the beginning of the year 1969. 14. April by reuven Rozen shot down one of the eight egyptian Mig-21, which ever pretending an attack on israeli forces on the ground to odpoutaly attention from the mission of reconnaissance Mig-21. It was also the first israeli victory, achieved Mirage using PLŘS AIM-9B Sidewinder.
Significant engagements occurred 21. may 1969. On that day, with several egyptian formations Mig-21 attempted to penetrate beyond the Sinai. From Tel Nov took off hastily built cash the pair Ran Ronen and by reuven Rozen and for the rest of the radio went in the small height of the Bardavilu. Meanwhile, of the moved base Refidim took off and regular cash 119. squadron Asher Snir and Eliyahu Menachem and was heading into the same space. In the ensuing fight Ronen, Snir and Rozen shot down one Mig and one egyptian aircraft removed the battery PLŘS Hawk (it was the first ever victory of Hawk).
24. June 1969 pilots 119. tayeset "to celebrate" the new commander of the egyptian air force Ali, shaykh mustafa Baghdádího organized) on the egyptian pilots and Amos Amir, one of the MiG-21 shot down.
So far, the largest air battle since the end of the six-day war occurred 2. July 1969 and 119. squadron had three egyptian Mig-21 – two shot down Eitan Karmi and one Amos Amir.
Fights with the egyptian, and now the syrian aircraft were in the years 1969 and 1970 really the order of the day and in this period it was almost a month to get 119. squadron extended the number of victories.
11. September 1969, the Egyptians launched a massive air attack on israeli military installations in the Sinai. The result was seven downed Mig-21 and Su-7, from which one by one were shot down by Dror Hariš and Asher Snir. Other Mig-21PF , however, was shot down Mirage number 18; israel's first fighter ace Giora Rom is ejected and was captured.
For the record is 27. march 1970, when Asher Snir shot down two and Arnon Levošin one egyptian MiG-21. Snir with these two victories became the first israeli double ace.
2. April 1970, the number of israeli fighter aces grown by another two names, when pilots 119. squadron Amos Amir and Avraham Salmon that day reached its fifth wave. Your second MiG-21 in the same battle he shot down and Avraham Gilad.
Unique night victories at the end of the 25. April reached Amos Amir, when using PLŘS AIM-9E Sidewinder he shot down an egyptian bomber Il-28, who bombed the israeli military facilities at the el-Aríše. This victory was unique and from a different point of view. At that time of the night the alarm starts get hold of the unit, armed with the F-4E Phantom. The unit Mirage while night cash also held, but their sharp start was so low that cash pilots usually weren't even dressed in the flight ústroji. Warrant to a sharp boot because it was so surprising that Amos Amir (commander of the unit!) started off in the clothes that had just wearing – t-shirt, shorts and sandals!
Three days later, 28. April 1970, over the Sinai once again penetrated several formations the Mig-17 and Su-7 with the intention to attack on the israeli military post. From Refidimu took off the cash pair 119. squadron Yitzhak Nir and Dror Hariš, which saw the four of a kind Su-7, crossing the Suez canal. The egyptians after seeing the "miráží" drop a bomb load into the desert, divided on two pair and turned back. Nir with Harišem one pair of chased and both the sukhoi's ones shot down – Hariš dose of cannons, the Nir soviet rocket R-3. Nirova Mirage number 79 has been damaged střepinami of the cast of the egyptian bombs.
15. may 1970 the deputy commander of 119. squadron Asher Snir after šestiminutovém aerial combat at the height of the crowns of trees downed by the syrian MiG-17. This duel is very vividly described by the Ašerem Snirem in the book, the Pilots with the star of david was.
Four Mirage 119. squadron, led by the commander of the unit Amos Amirem 30. July 1970 participated in the well-known trap of the soviet pilots, in that after one Mig-21 were shot down by Asher Snir and Avraham Salmon, which is on the other MiG share with Jiftachem Spektorem from the 101. squadrons.
In the gruelling battles of the war, the pilots of 119. squadron shot down a total of 38 arab aircraft, for the price of one lost Mirage. During the gruelling war in the full breadth reflected the French arms embargo against Israel and the Chel Ha‘Aviru began shortfall of spare parts and own aircraft for the operation of all three units Mirage. In October 1970, therefore, the 119. squadron all your Mirage forwarded the 101. and 117. squadrons and even of the same month was přezbrojena on a new technique – american fighter-bombers F-4E Phantom II, in which Israel received the naming of the Kurnass (sledgehammer).
The first aerial victory Phantomu for 119. squadron reached 21. November 1972 Samuel Ben-Rom with the operator of the Aharonem Katzem, when over the Golan heights were shot down by the syrian MiG-21.
To further airy battle occurred right at the beginning of the following year, 8. January 1972, when they were the fuselage was tightly, attacking the syrian radar station attacked by four syrian Mig-21. The pilots of the accompanying Phantomů 119. squadron all four Mig shot down - two removed the crew of the David Dror / Nathan Peri, after one of the crew of the Samuel Ben-Rom / Mordecai Ilani and Zvi Kanor / Zvi Tal.
To the large, airy battle took place 13. September 1973 over the syrian and lebanese coasts. That day spawned four exploratory the RF-4E, after two from 69. and 119. squadron to exploratory flight over northern Syria. After the completion of the task against the odlétajícím intruders took off four of the syrian Mig-21 of the 54. the squadron, which clashed with the aircraft of fighter escorts – four the fuselage was tightly from 107. squadron and eight Miragemi, after four from the 101. and 117. squadrons. Meanwhile the Syrians into the air and sent the other at least twelve Mig-21 and FL, against which was hoisted cash four Phantomů from 69. squadron and two from 119. squadrons. In the meantime, what with all the exploratory the RF-4E safely returned to base, the battle continued. One of the pilots of reconnaissance the RF-4E 119. tayeset, Moshe Melnik, therefore, immediately after the landing přesedl the combat aircraft and led into battle the next couple of Phantomů.
In total, this duel shot down 12 of syrian Mig-21 at the loss of one Mirage (the pilot Jossi Šimšoni was rescued from the sea by helicopter). The very 119. squadron in the battle of the spread of the scores on the other three victories – after one of the syrian Mig-21 shot down the crew Omri Afek / Chaim Katz, Rafael Koren / Šimšon Rozen and Moshe Melnik / Chaim Barkan.
It is just a massage, that although the Israelites in this battle lost just one Mirage, the Syrians in this battle claimed the destruction of eight israeli aircraft and leading a group of four Mig from 54. squadron captain Adíb el-Gar was "for the downing of two Phantomů“ awarded the title of Hero of the republic.
The most difficult exam but it should come up...
Yom kippurská war
On Saturday, 6. October 1973 in the two hours after noon, the egyptian and the syrian army attacked Israel. The arab armies that tried to emulate israel's success by six years earlier, the next ground of attack from the outset operate an extensive air strikes against israeli air bases and means of air defense of the Sinai.
From the very start of the war, the pilots of 119. squadron participated primarily on the events of the near isolation of the battlefield, the suppression of air defenses and strikes against air bases of the adversary. An absolute exception was the first day of the war, when all the available fighters reflect the waves nalétávajících arab aircraft. As the first of the 119. squadrons into the fight got the cash a pair, the at the vanguard of the sinai base Refidim. The leading pair of Moshe Melnik with the operator of the Zvi Talem shot down a drone missile, the AS-5, odpálenou from the bomber Tu-16, and subsequently also a fighter bomber Su-7. On the Phantomu 119. squadron was on that day reached even one wave (egyptian helicopter Mi-8), but in his cabin sat the crew 107. squadron (the pilot Ran Goren and operator Jossi Jeari), which you borrowed the aircraft after their own the Phantom when landing on the damaged base Refidim damaged odlétávajícími stones.
The second day of the war (of7. October 1973) the israeli air force launched operation Tagar, the purpose of which was (at least temporary) the decommissioning of the six largest egyptian air bases. The aim of Phantomů 119. squadron was the base of Mansour. Shortly after odbombardování formation was attacked by the egyptian Mig-21. After one Mig shot down the crew of the Arnon Lapidot / Chaim Katz and Rafael Koren / Moshe Bartov.
The rest of the the fuselage was tightly together with the Skyhawks participated in the strikes against the egyptian protiletadlovému artillery.
On Monday, 8. October most of the efforts of the israeli air force turned against the syrian front, where it has now been directly threatened the territory of the state of Israel. All of the squadron Phantomů this day, in the morning attacked four syrian air base; 119. squadron probably bombed the base Chulchul or Nazaríja.
In addition, the 119. squadron on that day, bombed the syrian anti-aircraft batteries on the Golan heights.
Before noon 9.října was three squadrons Phantomů, including 119., entrusted with an extremely important and ambitious task - the bombing of the headquarters of the syrian air force in Damascus. The event was attended by eight Phantomů armed with the classic "iron" bombs. In spite of the bad weather and minor navigation deviation in flight to the target, the formation of the target in the middle of Damascus, and found, all dropped bombs hit him and destroyed the upper floors of the building. The formation of the remaining units of action for adverse weather broke and have been redirected to other targets. According to the testimony of captured israeli pilots, who were at that time being held in the basement of the buildings, were syrian officers believe that the destruction of only the upper floors was deliberate, so as not to jeopardise the lives of five israeli airmen. The attack was so surprising, that the air defense of Damascus, almost good enough to shoot. Upon departure, was shot down by one of the the Phantom. the pilot Dov Šapir died and operator Jaakov Jaakobi was captured. The second the Phantom had been hit, but the pilot and with the burning engine was able to land safely at the base. The commander of the formation of the major Arnon Lapidot (Levošin) for this event after the war received the highest israeli award for bravery "Ot Ha'Gvura".
The same day evening, a pair of Phantomů 119. squadron penetrated deep into syrian space with the aim of finding the iraqi expeditionary force, which according to the intelligence information should move towards the golan front. Against Phantomům took off the syrian cash Mig-21, one of which Omri Afek with the operator of the Zeevem Zeevim shot down. Both the fuselage was tightly nepoškozeny returned home.
In the middle of the 10. October Phantomy 119. squadron bombed the syrian air base Blai, where they were attacked by the syrian Mig-21. One of the Mig got into manévrového duels with Phantomem, he Moshe Melnikem. Shortly after the Syrian lost over your aircraft control and it crashed.
Information about combat operations 119. squadrons 11. October are not known.
In the morning 12. October aircraft 119. squadron again bombed the syrian air base Blai and the six hours it vyřadily.
A similar event took place in the morning 13. October, where 119. squadron bombed the syrian air base Chulchul and again i base Blai.
To this date 119. squadrons from the beginning of the war lost three the fuselage was tightly and six crew members (three killed, three captured).
On Sunday, 14. October, after you have collapsed the egyptian offensive in the Sinai, the israeli air force has carried out an extensive strike against the egyptian base of Tanta, which was the home of the egyptian 41. the squadron Mig-21PF and two libyan squadrons Mirage 5. For the strike have been identified three squadrons Phantomů. The first eight aircraft 201. squadron, for the diversion of attention, five minutes after the half-fourth of the afternoon carried out the strike against the nearby base Mansour, which housed the elite of the egyptian 45. 46. squadron, armed with the Mig-21MF. Five minutes after six Phantomů 119. squadron, led by the commander of the unit Eliezerem Prigatem with the operator of the Aharonem Katzem, has been assailed by the means of air defense in the Tantě and only then attacked two six-member formation 107. squadron. The result of the attack was the decommissioning of the Tanty for a full 24 hours. After odbombardování the way home tried to have the egyptian MiG-21, but then, what attacked him Rafael Koren with the operator of the Rachaminem Soferem, Egyptian uhnul so sharply that he lost above the aircraft control and it crashed.
On Monday, 15. October in the three quarter to one in the afternoon twelve Phantomů 119. squadron, led by major Ašerem Snirem with the operator of the podporučíkem Aharonem Katzem, a raid on the base Tanta repeated. The scenario was similar to that of the previous day with the only difference that after the "netopýrech" as the second attacking formation 201. squadrons. This action, however, already seen as smoothly as the day before. Even before reaching the egyptian coast is one of the Phantomů had to for the malfunction of the fuel system return. In the trajectory to the goal was one of the the Phantom hit by the rocket, the S-125M Neva. Pilot Benjamin Livne successfully ejected and was captured, but only twenty-year-old operator weapon systems Rahamin Sofer was killed. On the return way was the formation of the addition by two Mig-21. In the ensuing aerial combat was one of the Mig shot down Ašerem Snirem. When the duel was a rocket R-3 (AA-2 Atoll) hit by the Phantom, but his pilot, Omri Afek even with an injured wing was able to return back to Tel Nov.
Information about combat operations 119. squadrons 16. October are not known, but in general the units Phantomů on that day attacked an egyptian anti-aircraft batteries at Port Said and bombed strategic targets in Syria.
In the middle of the 17. October Phantomy 119. squadron providing aerial cover 69. squadron, bombed three bridges to the north-east from the Latakie in Syria. In the area there have been two air combat with the syrian Mig-21 in which were two Mig shot down. The first wave reached Moshe Melnik with the operator of the Liorem Elazarem, on the second MiGa Melnik in return share with Ašerem Snirem.
18. October with attention to units Phantomů returned to the arab air bases. Pilots 119. squadron bombed the base Calčia (Tsalchiya) with the aim of uzemnit here a spin-off of the Mig-21 that they could not intervene against the Phantomům 69. and 201. squadron, attacking the habitat of the air defense in the Kantaře.
Information about combat operations 119. squadrons 19. October are not known.
On Saturday, 20. October 119. squadrons provide direct air support to ground forces west of the Suez canal. While this event was a ground-to-air shot down the Phantom, piloted by Odedem Sagim with the operator of the Moshe Bartovem.
On Sunday, 21. October izraelské armed forces launched operation Kinoach, whose aim was to re-occupy a strategic observation posts on mount Hermon, which was from the first day of the war in syrian hands. Vrtulníkový landing and the attack of the infantry of the air to cover the fuselage was tightly 119. and 201. squadrons. Patrol two Phantomů 119. squadron crews Nachum Merkavi / Mordecai Ilani and Daniel Guri / Zvi Benjamini doing so removed one by one the syrian Mig-21.
Information about combat operations 119. squadrons 22. October are not known, but in general the units Phantomů that day, attacking targets on the ground and the habitat of the air defense along the entire length of the egyptian front.
In the middle of the 23. October over the Bitter lake took place the last aerial battle of the yom kippur war. Its main participants were the pilots of the 119. squadron Gideon Šeffer and Moshe Melnik, who shot down one by one egyptian Mig-21. Moshe Melnik is this an at the same time become the seventh israeli fighter ace on the Phantomu (Melnik in June 1979 he became the first pilot in the world, which achieved victories in the F-15).
In the middle of the 24. October at noon, the entry into force of the agreement on a ceasefire on both fronts. During the yom kippur war, the pilots of 119. squadron odlétali over 900 combat missions and have reached the age of sixteen kills in the loss of five F-4E. At least four members of the crew perished, the other at least four were captured. The ratio of sorties for the loss was 185:1.
1973 to 1992
After the war, the time has come for the replacement of battle losses. Some of the loss on the technique have already been during the war, supplemented by the supply of Phantomů, downloaded from the units of the USAF, but many of the aircraft suffered numerous martial damage and wear and tear. In 1974, therefore, the numbers have been Phantomů supplemented by new supply from the United states (a total of 48 pieces – half new, half used).
The strain on both borders, however, continued even after the end of the war. Already 6. December 1973 with a mixed formation of four Phantomů (two from 69. and 119. squadron) over the gulf of suez gulf caught four Mig-21, pilotovanými north koreans. In the ensuing fight were shot down two Mig, one of which spread account 119. squadrons.
After 1973, the situation on the israeli-arab borders for several years zklidnila and after the signing of the peace agreement in Camp David, the incidents on the egyptian-israeli border virtually ceased. A different situation was on the border with Syria and Lebanon, as a result of the civil war became not only a rejdištěm palestinian terrorists, but also the bridgehead of the syrian army. Since 1979, the situation in this area began to deteriorate and fights between israeli and syrian fighters were again almost on a daily basis. The main brunt of the aerial battles, however, at this time no longer bear the unit, armed with the fighters F-15 and F-16. The last day of the year 1980 has reached 119. squadron so far, the last actual kill. The two the fuselage was tightly 119. squadron in a joint patrol with two F-15 133. squadrons with over Lebanon clashed with the syrian Mig-21. The result of the duels were sestřelené two Mig, one had a half share of the pilot 119. squadron Ran Granot with the operator of the Zvi Erlichem.
In June 1982, the fuselage was tightly 119. squadron participated in security operations Shalom Ha‘Galil in southern Lebanon. For example, 9. June units Phantomů attended the operations Artzav, which was aimed at the systematic liquidation of the batteries of the syrian air defense in the valley of the Bikáa. Within a few hours were neutralized three of the syrian air defense brigade, destroyed 15 batteries of anti-aircraft missiles and the remaining four damaged.
Later the fuselage was tightly in southern Lebanon, implement and strikes against the positions and training camps of the palestinian terrorists.
119. squadron was also the main tactical reconnaissance unit Chel Ha‘Aviru, and has been since 1964, when received the first two exploratory Mirage.
The first exploratory fuselage was tightly the RF-4E the unit came in January 1971 and in the following years, 119. squadron carried out many reconnaissance flights over the surrounding arab countries.
During one of the reconnaissance flights was 9. November 1973, the egyptian missile ground-to-air hit the RF-4E number 194. Its pilot, captain Gideon Šeffer, had to in the height of 15 000 metres, at a speed of 1.7 M and at an ambient temperature of -60°C to bail out and was captured. Navigator captain Ofer Cidon, however, perished.
At the turn of the years 1975 and 1976, received 119. squadron three exploratory the RF-4E(S), to be used for strategic reconnaissance. During one such mission 3. January 1982, the RF-4E(S), with a crew of Gideon Šeffer / Juval Naveh, over Iraq fought with the iraqi Mig-21, who, after running out of fuel, crashed.
Since 1989, began to be the original F-4E 119. squadron replaced by a modernised variant of the Kurnass 2000. The exchange was completed in early 1992.
in The nineties and the present day
Already in the course of the nineties, it was clear that over twenty years old the fuselage was tightly become outdated and upgrading of the Kurnass 2000, their departure from the scene just delay. In 2004, therefore, the 119. squadron was (as the second unit) přezbrojena on the state of the art shock F-16I Sufa.
With the new aircraft to 119. squadron in June-August 2006 participated in the two recent large-scale actions of the israeli armed forces, operations Summer Rain in the Gaza strip and operations the Just Reward in southern Lebanon. Detailed information about the deployment of the unit, however, are not known. The only exception is the information on the loss of the aircraft F-16I number 489, which at boot time to combat the flight of the burst tyre. Both pilots saved the katapultáží. It was the only loss of the jet aircraft throughout the campaign.
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Captions to photos:
At the first frame are pilots 119. squadron in January 1968:
Rear from left: Avihu Ben-Nun, Yitzhak Golan, Uri Jeari, Ran Ronen, eelan hight, by reuven Rozen and Eitan Karmi.
Front from left: Asher Snir, Baruch Keinan, Shlomo Egozi, Arnon Lapidot (Levošin), Omri Afek and Yitzhak Nir.
At the first frame are pilots 119. squadron in January 1970:
From left: Asher Snir, Yitzhak Nir, Mickey Katz, Avraham Gilad, Amos Šachar, Avraham Salmon, Amos Amir, and by reuven Rozen..