Convention on the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons and on their destruction[/heading:aaaaaa]
The states parties to this Convention,
determined to act with a view to achieving effective progress towards general and complete disarmament, including the prohibition and elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, and convinced that the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons and their destruction, through effective measures, will facilitate the achievement of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control,
recognizing the great importance the Protocol on the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and means of bacteriological, signed in Geneva 17. June 1925, and conscious also of the deposit, which the said Protocol has already brought and still brings to the mitigation of the horrors of war,
reaffirming its commitment to the principles and objectives of that Protocol and calling upon all states to their strict observance,
recalling that the united nations General assembly again condemned all actions that are contrary to the principles and objectives of the geneva protocol of 17. June 1925,
desiring to contribute to the deepening of confidence between peoples and the general recovery of the international air
desiring also to contribute to the implementation of the objectives and principles of the Charter of the united nations,
convinced about the importance and the urgent need to weed out the effective measures from the arsenals of states such dangerous weapons of mass destruction, such as weapons using chemical or bacteriological (biological) agents,
recognizing that the agreement on the prohibition of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons represents a first possible step towards the achievement of agreement on effective measures also for the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of chemical weapons, and determined to continue negotiations to this end,
determined to completely exclude in the interests of all humanity the possibility of the use of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins as weapons,
convinced that such use would be contrary to the conscience of mankind and that should not regret any effort to reduce this danger,
agree to the following:
Each state party to this Convention undertakes never in any circumstances to develop, produce, accumulate or in any other manner acquire or be in possession of:
1. microbiological or other biological agents or toxins of any origin or method of production, of such types and in such amounts, which are not intended for preventive, protective or other peaceful purposes;
2. weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.
Each state party to this Convention undertakes to destroy or convert to peaceful purposes, as soon as possible, but no later than nine months after the entry into force of the Convention, all agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and carriers referred to in article I of the Convention, which they own or which are under its jurisdiction or control. In the implementation of the provisions of this article will be maintained and all necessary security measures to protect the population and environment.
Each state party to this Convention undertakes that it will not be anyone to transmit, directly or indirectly, any of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment or means of delivery specified in article I of the Convention and will not in any way assist, encourage and exhort any state, group of states or international organizations to manufacture or acquisition in any other way.
Each state party to this Convention undertakes to adopt, in accordance with its constitutional procedure of all the necessary measures to prohibit and prevent the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition or possession of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery specified in article I of the Convention, anywhere in the territory of such state, under its jurisdiction or under its control.
The states parties to this Convention undertake to consult each other and cooperate in solving any issues that may arise with respect to the objectives of this Convention, or in connection with the implementation of its provisions. Consultation and cooperation pursuant to this article may also be carried out with the use of appropriate international procedures within the framework of the united nations and in accordance with its Charter.
1. Any contracting state to this Convention which finds that the actions of any other contracting state constitute a violation of the commitments undertaken on the basis of the provisions of this Convention, may lodge a complaint with the united nations security Council. Such complaint must contain all possible evidence confirming its validity, as well as request for assessment by the security Council.
2. Each state party to this Convention undertakes to cooperate in making any investigation which the security Council may be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the united nations on the basis of complaints that the Council receives. The security council will inform the contracting states of the Convention about the outcome of the investigation.
Each state party to this Convention undertakes, in accordance with the Charter of the united nations to provide or support assistance to any state party to the Convention which so requests, if the security Council decides that such state party has been as a result of violation of this Convention is exposed to danger.
Nothing in this Convention shall be construed to in any way limit or prejudice the obligations assumed by any state under the Protocol on the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and means of bacteriological, signed at Geneva on 17. June 1925.
Each state party to this Convention affirms the recognized objective of effective prohibition of chemical weapons and, to this end, undertakes to continue in the spirit of good will in the negotiations to reach an early agreement on effective measures to prohibit their development, production and stockpiling and for their destruction, and on appropriate measures concerning equipment and means of delivery specifically designed for the production or use of chemical agents as weapons.
1. The states parties to this Convention undertake to facilitate the widest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the use of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins for peaceful purposes and shall have the right to participate in such exchanges. The states parties to the Convention, which will be able to do so, they will work individually or together with other states or international organisations in the development and application of scientific discoveries in the field of bacteriology (biology) for the purpose of preventing the occurrence of diseases or for other peaceful purposes.
2. This Convention will be conducted so as to avoid distortions of the economic or technological development of states party to the Convention or international cooperation in the field of peaceful bacteriological (biological) activities, including international exchange of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins and equipment for the processing, use or production of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins for peaceful purposes in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.
Any contracting state may propose amendments to this Convention. Amendments shall enter into force for each contracting state, who will adopt these amendments, once adopted by most of the contracting states to the Convention and thereafter for each remaining state party on the date when it shall take.
After five years from the entry into force of this Convention in force, or earlier if so requested by a majority of the contracting states to the Convention by submitting a proposal with this objective depozitárním governments, will be in Geneva (Switzerland) organized the conference of the states parties, which will assess the action of this Convention, to ensure that the objectives referred to in the preamble and the provisions of the Convention, including the provisions concerning negotiations on chemical weapons, are carried out. When this assessment will be taken into account all the new results of scientific and technical developments, which have a relationship to this Convention.
1. This Convention will be valid for an unlimited period of time.
2. Each state party to this Convention has in the exercise of their state sovereignty to the right of the Convention to denounce, if it decides that extraordinary circumstances relating to the content of this Convention, have jeopardised its supreme interests. Of such termination, shall inform all the other contracting states of the Convention and the united nations security Council three months in advance. Such notification shall include a statement of the exceptional circumstances, which considers that jeopardize its supreme interests.
1. This Convention shall be open for signature by all states. Each state Convention does not sign before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, may at any time proceed.
2. This Convention is subject to ratification by states which have signed it. The instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the governments of the United kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United states of america and the Union of soviet socialist republics, which are hereby established depozitárními governments.
3. This Convention shall enter into force after the ratification of the charter saves the twenty-two governments, including the governments designated depozitárními governments to the Convention.
4. For states whose instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited after the entry into force of this Convention in force, the Convention shall enter into force on the date of deposit of their instruments of ratification or instruments of accession.
5. Depository governments shall promptly inform all states which have signed the Convention or acceded to it, on the date of each signature, the date of the deposit of each instrument of ratification or instrument of accession, on the date of entry into force of this Convention enters into force, and on receipt of other communications.
6. This Convention will be registered depozitárními governments in accordance with article 102 of the Charter of the united nations.
This Convention, whose English, Russian, French, Spanish, and chinese text are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the depozitárních governments. Duly certified copies of this Convention will be forwarded to the depozitárními governments the governments of the states which have signed the Convention or acceded to it.
On the evidence the undersigned, duly authorized, have signed this Convention.
Given in triplicate in the cities of London, Moscow and Washington on the tenth of April in the year of a thousand devítistého the seventieth second.
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